Continuous and Discontinuous RNA Synthesis in Coronaviruses: Video 1


A video from the 2015 review by Isabel Sola, Fernando Almazán, Sonia Zúñiga, and Luis Enjuanes, "Continuous and Discontinuous RNA Synthesis in Coronaviruses," from the Annual Review of Virology

Shown:  Model for the formation of genome high-order structures regulating N gene transcription. The upper linear scheme represents the coronavirus genome. The red line indicates the leader sequence in the 5′ end of the genome. The hairpin indicates the TRS-L. The gray line with arrowheads represents the nascent negative-sense RNA. The curved blue arrow indicates the template switch to the leader sequence during discontinuous transcription. The orange line represents the copy of the leader added to the nascent RNA after the template switch. The RNA-RNA interactions between the pE (nucleotides 26894 to 26903) and dE (nucleotides 26454 to 26463) and between the B-M in the active domain (nucleotides 26412 to 26421) and the cB-M in the 5′ end of the genome (nucleotides 477 to 486) are represented by solid lines. Dotted lines indicate the complementarity between positive-strand and negative-strand RNA sequences. Abbreviations: AD, active domain secondary structure prediction; B-M, B motif; cB-M, complementary copy of the B-M; cCS-N, complementary copy of the CS-N; CS-L, conserved core sequence of the leader; CS-N, conserved core sequence of the N gene; dE, distal element; pE, proximal element; TRS-L, transcription-regulating sequence of the leader. Download a PowerPoint version of the animation.

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