Regulation of cell-cell and cell-matrix interaction is essential for the normal physiology of metazoans and is important in many diseases. Integrin adhesion receptors can rapidly increase their affinity (integrin activation) in response to intracellular signaling events in a process termed inside-out signaling. The transmembrane domains of integrins and their interactions with the membrane are important in inside-out signaling. Moreover, integrin activation is tightly regulated by a complex network of signaling pathways. Here, we review recent progress in understanding how the membrane environment can, in cooperation with integrin-binding proteins, regulate integrin activation.


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  • Article Type: Review Article
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