The European Union (EU) is influential in environmental politics and policy-making across its 28 member states, around its periphery, and globally. Building on a diverse analytical and empirical literature, this article's seven sections each highlights important research findings and outcomes from more than four decades of EU environmental governance. These include () a substantial transfer of legal authority from member states to the supranational level; () a growing involvement of EU bodies, advocacy groups, and civil society in regional goal-setting and decision-making; () the development of elaborate governance systems and mechanisms for making, implementing, and enforcing policy; () EU exercise of considerable influence over countries seeking membership before and after joining the Union; () increased EU participation and influence in international fora; () a mixed record of uneven implementation and varied environmental outcomes in Europe and across the world; and () continuing challenges in nascent attempts to engender greater resource efficiency and sustainability in Europe and beyond. All of these findings and outcomes suggest numerous areas and directions for additional research.


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