1932

Abstract

Social media is changing how people connect, create, and share content and is an integral force shaping modern society. Given the significant environmental challenges society faces, this review considers () how social media is currently contributing to the development of a more sustainable society and () directions for future work such that researchers and practitioners may more effectively utilize this technology. At present, case studies, anecdotal evidence, and research demonstrate that social media is contributing to sustainability in diverse ways including behavioral interventions utilizing social media elements; social and political activism; supporting/generating sustainable business practices and addressing corporate “greenwashing”; increasing access to, and the potential quality of, environmental education; and through citizen science projects. Although this work is promising, there is an urgent need for further and more methodologically rigorous research, which evaluates the specific impacts of social media technology on sustainability outcomes, i.e., proenvironmental knowledge, attitudes, and—in particular—behavior.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-environ-110615-090000
2016-10-17
2024-05-28
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/energy/41/1/annurev-environ-110615-090000.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-environ-110615-090000&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

Literature Cited

  1. Dabbagh N, Kitsantas A. 1.  2012. Personal learning environments, social media, and self-regulated learning: a natural formula for connecting formal and informal learning. Internet High. Educ 15:3–8 [Google Scholar]
  2. Robelia BA, Greenhow C, Burton L. 2.  2011. Environmental learning in online social networks: adopting environmentally responsible behaviors. Environ. Educ. Res. 17:553–75 [Google Scholar]
  3. Hanna R, Rohm A, Crittenden VL. 3.  2011. We're all connected: the power of the social media ecosystem. Bus. Horizons 54:265–73 [Google Scholar]
  4. Comber R, Thieme A. 4.  2013. Designing beyond habit: opening space for improved recycling and food waste behaviors through processes of persuasion, social influence and aversive affect. Pers. Ubiquitous Comp. 17:1197–210 [Google Scholar]
  5. Froehlich J, Findlater L, Landay J. 5.  2010. The design of eco-feedback technology Presented at Annu. CHI Conf. Hum. Factors Comput. Syst. (CHI 2010), 28th, Atl., GA
  6. Hoffman DL, Fodor M. 6.  2010. Can you measure the ROI of your social media marketing. MIT Sloan Manag. Rev. 52:41–49 [Google Scholar]
  7. Korda H, Itani Z. 7.  2013. Harnessing social media for health promotion and behavior change. Health Promot. Pract. 14:15–23 [Google Scholar]
  8. 8. United Nations (UN). 2015. World population estimates: 2015 revision. Rep., Dep. Econ. Soc. Aff., Popul. Div., UN. http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/events/other/10/index.shtml
  9. Grimm NB, Faeth SH, Golubiewski NE, Redman CL, Wu J. 9.  et al. 2008. Global change and the ecology of cities. Science 319:756–60 [Google Scholar]
  10. Krausmann F, Gingrich S, Eisenmenger N, Erb K-H, Haberl H, Fischer-Kowalski M. 10.  2009. Growth in global materials use, GDP and population during the 20th century. Ecol. Econ. 68:2696–705 [Google Scholar]
  11. Levin K, Cashore B, Bernstein S, Auld G. 11.  2012. Overcoming the tragedy of super wicked problems: constraining our future selves to ameliorate global climate change. Policy Sci 45:123–52 [Google Scholar]
  12. Hoegh-Guldberg O, Bruno JF. 12.  2010. The impact of climate change on the world's marine ecosystems. Science 328:1523–28 [Google Scholar]
  13. McMichael AJ, Woodruff RE, Hales S. 13.  2006. Climate change and human health: present and future risks. Lancet 367:859–69 [Google Scholar]
  14. Costello A, Abbas M, Allen A, Ball S, Bell S. 14.  et al. 2009. Managing the health effects of climate change. Lancet 373:1693–733 [Google Scholar]
  15. Doherty TJ, Clayton S. 15.  2011. The psychological impacts of global climate change. Am. Psychol. 66:265–76 [Google Scholar]
  16. Barnosky AD, Matzke N, Tomiya S, Wogan GO, Swartz B. 16.  et al. 2011. Has the Earth's sixth mass extinction already arrived?. Nature 471:51–57 [Google Scholar]
  17. Steffen W, Crutzen PJ, McNeill JR. 17.  2007. The Anthropocene: Are humans now overwhelming the great forces of nature?. Ambio 36:614–21 [Google Scholar]
  18. Swim J, Markowitz E, Bloodhart B. 18.  2012. Psychology and climate change: beliefs, impacts, and human contributions. The Oxford Handbook of Environmental and Conservation Psychology SD Clayton 645–72 New York: Oxford Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  19. Kaiser FG, Fuhrer U. 19.  2003. Ecological behavior's dependency on different forms of knowledge. App. Psychol. 52:598–613 [Google Scholar]
  20. Gardner GT, Stern PC. 20.  2008. The short list: the most effective actions US households can take to curb climate change. Environ. Sci. Policy Sustain. Dev. 50:12–25 [Google Scholar]
  21. Gifford R.21.  2011. The dragons of inaction: psychological barriers that limit climate change mitigation and adaptation. Am. Psychol. 66:290–302 [Google Scholar]
  22. Gifford R, Comeau LA. 22.  2011. Message framing influences perceived climate change competence, engagement, and behavioral intentions. Glob. Environ. Change 21:1301–7 [Google Scholar]
  23. Moser SC, Dilling L. 23.  2004. Making climate hot. Environ. Sci. Policy Sustain. Dev. 46:32–46 [Google Scholar]
  24. Spence A, Poortinga W, Butler C, Pidgeon NF. 24.  2011. Perceptions of climate change and willingness to save energy related to flood experience. Nat. Clim. Change 1:46–49 [Google Scholar]
  25. Terwel BW, Harinck F, Ellemers N, Daamen DD. 25.  2009. Competence-based and integrity-based trust as predictors of acceptance of carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS). Risk Anal 29:1129–40 [Google Scholar]
  26. Eilam O, Suleiman R. 26.  2004. Cooperative, pure, and selfish trusting: their distinctive effects on the reaction of trust recipients. Eur. J. Soc. Psychol. 34:729–38 [Google Scholar]
  27. Bailey I, Wilson GA. 27.  2009. Theorising transitional pathways in response to climate change: technocentrism, ecocentrism, and the carbon economy. Environ. Plan. A 41:2324–41 [Google Scholar]
  28. Rosa EA, Dietz T. 28.  2012. Human drivers of national greenhouse-gas emissions. Nat. Clim. Change 2:581–86 [Google Scholar]
  29. McKenzie-Mohr D, Lee NR, Schultz PW, Kotler P. 29.  2012. Social Marketing to Protect the Environment: What Works Los Angeles: SAGE
  30. Cialdini RB, Goldstein NJ. 30.  2004. Social influence: compliance and conformity. Annu. Rev. Psychol. 55:591–621 [Google Scholar]
  31. Schultz PW, Nolan JM, Cialdini RB, Goldstein NJ, Griskevicius V. 31.  2007. The constructive, destructive, and reconstructive power of social norms. Psychol. Sci. 18:429–34 [Google Scholar]
  32. Schultz PW.32.  1999. Changing behavior with normative feedback interventions: a field experiment on curbside recycling. Basic Appl. Soc. Psychol. 21:25–36 [Google Scholar]
  33. McKenzie-Mohr D, Schultz PW. 33.  2014. Choosing effective behavior change tools. Soc. Mark. Q. 20:35–46 [Google Scholar]
  34. Corral-Verdugo V, Frias-Armenta M, Pérez-Urias F, Orduña-Cabrera V, Espinoza-Gallego N. 34.  2002. Residential water consumption, motivation for conserving water and the continuing tragedy of the commons. Environ. Manag. 30:527–35 [Google Scholar]
  35. Gavin NT, Marshall T. 35.  2011. Mediated climate change in Britain: scepticism on the web and on television around Copenhagen. Glob. Environ. Change 21:1035–44 [Google Scholar]
  36. Davis LW.36.  2008. Durable goods and residential demand for energy and water: evidence from a field trial. RAND J. Econ. 39:530–46 [Google Scholar]
  37. Clayton S, Myers G. 37.  2009. Conservation Psychology: Understanding and Promoting Human Care for Nature West Sussex, UK: Wiley
  38. Ajzen I.38.  1991. The theory of planned behavior. Organ. Behav. Hum. Decis. Process. 50:179–211 [Google Scholar]
  39. Geller ES.39.  1989. Applied behavior analysis and social marketing: an integration for environmental preservation. J. Soc. Issues 45:17–36 [Google Scholar]
  40. McKenzie-Mohr D.40.  2013. Fostering Sustainable Behavior: An Introduction to Community-Based Social Marketing Gabriola Isl., BC, Can. New Soc. Publ.
  41. Gifford R, Nilsson A. 41.  2014. Personal and social factors that influence pro-environmental concern and behaviour: a review. Int. J. Psychol. 49:141–57 [Google Scholar]
  42. Abrahamse W, Steg L, Vlek C, Rothengatter T. 42.  2005. A review of intervention studies aimed at household energy conservation. J. Environ. Psychol. 25:273–91 [Google Scholar]
  43. Delprato DJ, Midgley BD. 43.  1992. Some fundamentals of BF Skinner's behaviorism. Am. Psychol. 47:1507–20 [Google Scholar]
  44. Scott J.44.  2000. Rational choice theory. From Understanding Contemporary Society: Theories of the Present G Browning, A Halcli, F Webster 126–38 London, UK: SAGE [Google Scholar]
  45. 45. Org. Econ. Co-op. Dev. (OECD) 2011. Environmental taxation: a guide for policy makers Rep., Cent. Tax Policy Admin., OECD. https://www.oecd.org/env/tools-evaluation/48164926.pdf
  46. 46. Environ. Protect. Auth. (EPA) 2015. Container deposit legislation—a South Australian environmental success story Rep. 074/15, EPA, Adelaide, S. Aust. http://www.epa.sa.gov.au/files/8247_info_cdl.pdf
  47. Osbaldiston R, Schott JP. 47.  2012. Environmental sustainability and behavioral science: meta-analysis of proenvironmental behavior experiments. Environ. Behav. 44:257–99 [Google Scholar]
  48. Erickson T, Podlaseck ME, Sahu S, Dai JD, Chao T. 48.  2012. The Dubuque Water Portal: evaluation of the uptake, use and impact of residential water consumption feedback Presented at Annu. CHI Conf. Hum. Factors Comput. Syst. (CHI 2012), 30th, Aust., TX
  49. Kietzmann JH, Hermkens K, McCarthy IP, Silvestre BS. 49.  2011. Social media? Get serious! Understanding the functional building blocks of social media. Bus. Horiz. 54:241–51 [Google Scholar]
  50. Petkov P, Goswami S, Köbler F, Krcmar H. 50.  2012. Personalised eco-feedback as a design technique for motivating energy saving behaviour at home Presented at Annu. Nordic Conf. Hum.–Comput. Interact.: Mak. Sense Through Des., 7th, Cph., Den.
  51. O'Keeffe GS, Clarke-Pearson K. 51.  Counc. Commun. Media. 2011. The impact of social media on children, adolescents, and families. Pediatrics 127:800–4 [Google Scholar]
  52. Kaplan AM, Haenlein M. 52.  2010. Users of the world, unite! The challenges and opportunities of Social Media. Bus. Horizons 53:59–68 [Google Scholar]
  53. Duggan M, Ellison NB, Lampe C, Lenhart A, Madden M. 53.  2015. Social media update 2014. Pew Research Center: Internet, Science & Tech Jan. 9. http://www.pewinternet.org/2015/01/09/social-media-update-2014/
  54. Ballew MT, Omoto AM, Winter PL. 54.  2015. Using Web 2.0 and social media technologies to foster proenvironmental action. Sustainability 7:10620–48 [Google Scholar]
  55. Autry MK, Kelly AR. 55.  2012. Merging duke energy and progress energy: online public discourse, post-Fukushima reactions, and the absence of environmental communication. Environ. Commun. 6:278–84 [Google Scholar]
  56. Scharl A, Hubmann-Haidvogel A, Weichselbraun A, Lang HP, Sabou M. 56.  2013. Media watch on climate change—visual analytics for aggregating and managing environmental knowledge from online sources Presented at Annu. HI Int. Conf. Syst. Sci. (HICSS 2013), 46th, Maui, HI
  57. Alexander J.57.  2013. The case of the green vampire: eco-celebrity, Twitter and youth engagement. Celebrity Stud 4:353–68 [Google Scholar]
  58. Mankoff J, Matthews D, Fussell SR, Johnson M. 58.  2007. Leveraging social networks to motivate individuals to reduce their ecological footprints Presented at Annu. HI Int. Conf. Syst. Sci. (HICSS 2007), 40th, Waikoloa, HI
  59. Ardoin NM, Clark C, Kelsey E. 59.  2013. An exploration of future trends in environmental education research. Environ. Educ. Res. 19:499–520 [Google Scholar]
  60. Ardoin NM, Wheaton M, Bowers AW, Hunt CA, Durham WH. 60.  2015. Nature-based tourism's impact on environmental knowledge, attitudes, and behavior: a review and analysis of the literature and potential future research. J. Sustain. Tour. 23:838–58 [Google Scholar]
  61. Ehrlich PR.61.  2011. A personal view: environmental education—its content and delivery. J. Environ. Stud. Sci. 1:6–13 [Google Scholar]
  62. Adams PC, Gynnild A. 62.  2013. Environmental messages in online media: the role of place. Environ. Commun. 7:113–30 [Google Scholar]
  63. Cheung LT, Fok L, Tsang EP, Fang W, Tsang H. 63.  2015. Understanding residents’ environmental knowledge in a metropolitan city of Hong Kong, China. Environ. Educ. Res. 21:507–24 [Google Scholar]
  64. Cervellon M-C, Wernerfelt A-S. 64.  2012. Knowledge sharing among green fashion communities online: lessons for the sustainable supply chain. J. Fash. Mark. Manag. 16:176–92 [Google Scholar]
  65. Farnsworth BE.65.  2011. Conservation photography as environmental education: focus on the pedagogues. Environ. Educ. Res. 17:769–87 [Google Scholar]
  66. Smith T.66.  2009. The social media revolution. Int. J. Mark. Res. 51:559–61 [Google Scholar]
  67. Pearson E, Dorrian J, Litchfield C. 67.  2011. Harnessing visual media in environmental education: increasing knowledge of orangutan conservation issues and facilitating sustainable behaviour through video presentations. Environ. Educ. Res. 17:751–67 [Google Scholar]
  68. Soyez K.68.  2012. How national cultural values affect pro-environmental consumer behavior. Int. Mark. Rev. 29:623–46 [Google Scholar]
  69. Greenberg SE.69.  2014. Impact of social media as an instructional component on content knowledge, attitudes, and public engagement related to global climate change. Diss. Abstr. Int. Sect. A 75:1–158 [Google Scholar]
  70. Schuenemann K, Wagner R. 70.  2014. Using student-generated blogs to create a global perspective on climate change. J. Geosci. Educ. 62:364–73 [Google Scholar]
  71. Charoenwet S, Zurida I. 71.  2013. Self-regulated learning behavior and perception of students participating in EU-SUPPORT social network. Proceedings of the 2013 International Conference on Advanced ICT and Education DY Tan 137–40 Paris: Atlantis Press
  72. Ryokai K, Oehlberg L, Manoochehri M, Agogino A. 72.  2011. GreenHat: exploring the natural environment through experts’ perspectives Presented at Annu. CHI Conf. Hum. Factors Comput. Syst. (CHI 2011), 29th, Vanc., BC, Can.
  73. Dickinson JL, Shirk J, Bonter D, Bonney R, Crain RL. 73.  et al. 2012. The current state of citizen science as a tool for ecological research and public engagement. Front. Ecol. Environ. 10:291–97 [Google Scholar]
  74. Newman G, Wiggins A, Crall A, Graham E, Newman S, Crowston K. 74.  2012. The future of citizen science: emerging technologies and shifting paradigms. Front. Ecol. Environ. 10:298–304 [Google Scholar]
  75. van der Wal R, Arts K. 75.  2015. Digital conservation: an introduction. Ambio 44:517–21 [Google Scholar]
  76. van der Wal R, Anderson H, Robinson A, Sharma N, Mellish C. 76.  et al. 2015. Mapping species distributions: a comparison of skilled naturalist and lay citizen science recording. Ambio 44:584–600 [Google Scholar]
  77. Cox J, Oh EY, Simmons B, Lintott C, Masters K. 77.  et al. 2015. How is success defined and measured in online citizen science? A case study of Zooniverse projects. Comput. Sci. Eng. 17:28–41 [Google Scholar]
  78. Bonney R, Shirk JL, Phillips TB, Wiggins A, Ballard HL. 78.  et al. 2014. Next steps for citizen science. Science 343:1436–37 [Google Scholar]
  79. Aceves-Bueno E, Adeleye AS, Bradley D, Brandt WT, Callery P. 79.  et al. 2015. Citizen science as an approach for overcoming insufficient monitoring and inadequate stakeholder buy-in in adaptive management: criteria and evidence. Ecosystems 18:493–506 [Google Scholar]
  80. Theobald E, Ettinger A, Burgess H, DeBey L, Schmidt N. 80.  et al. 2015. Global change and local solutions: tapping the unrealized potential of citizen science for biodiversity research. Biol. Conserv. 181:236–44 [Google Scholar]
  81. Wright DR, Underhill LG, Keene M, Knight AT. 81.  2015. Understanding the motivations and satisfactions of volunteers to improve the effectiveness of citizen science programs. Soc. Nat. Resour. 28:1013–29 [Google Scholar]
  82. Swanson A, Kosmala M, Lintott C, Simpson R, Smith A, Packer C. 82.  2015. Snapshot Serengeti, high-frequency annotated camera trap images of 40 mammalian species in an African savanna. Sci. Data 2:150026 [Google Scholar]
  83. Fratkin JL, Sinn DL, Thomas S, Hilliard S, Olson Z, Gosling SD. 83.  2015. Do you see what I see? Can non-experts with minimal training reproduce expert ratings in behavioral assessments of working dogs?. Behav. Process. 110:105–16 [Google Scholar]
  84. August T, Harvey M, Lightfoot P, Kilbey D, Papadopoulos T, Jepson P. 84.  2015. Emerging technologies for biological recording. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 115:731–49 [Google Scholar]
  85. Jepson P, Ladle RJ. 85.  2015. Nature apps: waiting for the revolution. Ambio 44:827–32 [Google Scholar]
  86. Pimm SL, Alibhai S, Bergl R, Dehgan A, Giri C. 86.  et al. 2015. Emerging technologies to conserve biodiversity. Trends Ecol. Evol. 30:685–96 [Google Scholar]
  87. Jefferson R, McKinley E, Capstick S, Fletcher S, Griffin H, Milanese M. 87.  2015. Understanding audiences: making public perceptions research matter to marine conservation. Ocean Coast. Manag. 115:61–70 [Google Scholar]
  88. Scherer LL, Allen JA, Harp E. 88.  2015. Grin and bear it: an examination of volunteers’ fit with their organization, burnout and spirituality. Burnout Res 3:1–10 [Google Scholar]
  89. Kiron D, Kruschwitz N, Haanaes K, von Streng Velken I. 89.  2012. Sustainability nears a tipping point. MIT Sloan Manag. Rev. 53:69–74 [Google Scholar]
  90. Miller R, Lammas N. 90.  2010. Social media and its implications for viral marketing. Asia Pac. Publ. Relat. J. 11:1–9 [Google Scholar]
  91. Laufer WS.91.  2003. Social accountability and corporate greenwashing. J. Bus. Ethics 43:253–61 [Google Scholar]
  92. Lyon TP, Montgomery AW. 92.  2013. Tweetjacked: the impact of social media on corporate greenwash. J. Bus. Ethics 118:747–57 [Google Scholar]
  93. Champoux V, Durgee J, McGlynn L. 93.  2012. Corporate Facebook pages: when “fans” attack. J. Bus. Strateg. 33:22–30 [Google Scholar]
  94. Weber T.94.  2010. Why companies watch your every Facebook, YouTube, Twitter move. BBC News Oct. 3. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-11450923
  95. Ganglbauer E, Reitberger W, Fitzpatrick G. 95.  2013. An activist lens for sustainability: from changing individuals to changing the environment. Persuasive Technology 8th International Conference (PERSUASIVE 2013) S Berkovsky, J Freyne 63–68 Berlin: Springer
  96. Warren AM, Sulaiman A, Jaafar NI. 96.  2014. Facebook: the enabler of online civic engagement for activists. Comput. Hum. Behav. 32:284–89 [Google Scholar]
  97. Bower B.97.  2014. TOKEN Gestures: online causes may attract many more clicks than commitments. Sci. News 186:22–26 [Google Scholar]
  98. Saxton GD, Wang L. 98.  2014. The social network effect: the determinants of giving through social media. Nonprof. Volunt. Sec. Q. 43:850–68 [Google Scholar]
  99. Brabham DC.99.  2008. Crowdsourcing as a model for problem solving: an introduction and cases. Convergence: Int. J. New Media Tech. 14:75–90 [Google Scholar]
  100. Biggar J.100.  2010. Crowdsourcing for the environment: the case of Brighter Planet. Platform: J. Media Commun. 2:8–23 [Google Scholar]
  101. McNally BW.101.  2015. Crowdsourcing sustainable solutions: Unilever launches Foundry IDEAS platform. Sustainable Brands Issue in Focus June 30. http://www.sustainablebrands.com/news_and_views/collaboration/brynn_mcnally/crowdsourcing_sustainable_solutions_unilever_launches_fou
  102. 102. Unilever. 2016. Smart shower device startup Bwareit to be first crowdfunded campaign on Unilever Foundry Ideas platform. Unilever News March 9. https://foundry.unilever.com/blog/-/blogs/smart-shower-device-startup-bwareit-to-be-first-crowdfunded-campaign-on-unilever-foundry-ideas-platform
  103. Shirky C.103.  2011. The political power of social media. Foreign Aff 90:28–41 [Google Scholar]
  104. Valenzuela S, Arriagada A, Scherman A. 104.  2012. The social media basis of youth protest behavior: the case of Chile. J. Commun. 62:299–314 [Google Scholar]
  105. LaFraniere S.105.  2012. Activists crack China's wall of denial about air pollution. New York Times Jan. 27 18–20
  106. 106. 350.org. 2015. Keystone XL—victory. 350.org Nov 6. http://350.org/kxl-victory/
  107. Ngai EW, Tao SS, Moon KK. 107.  2015. Social media research: theories, constructs, and conceptual frameworks. Int. J. Inf. Manag. 35:33–44 [Google Scholar]
  108. Senbel M, Ngo VD, Blair E. 108.  2014. Social mobilization of climate change: university students conserving energy through multiple pathways for peer engagement. J. Environ. Psychol. 38:84–93 [Google Scholar]
  109. Artz N, Cooke P. 109.  2007. Using e-mail listservs to promote environmentally sustainable behaviors. J. Mark. Commun. 13:257–76 [Google Scholar]
  110. Comber R, Thieme A, Rafiev A, Taylor N, Krämer N, Olivier P. 110.  2013. BinCam: designing for engagement with Facebook for behavior change. Human-Computer Interaction (INTERACT 2013) Kotzé, G Marsden, G Lindgaard, J Wesson, M Winckler 99–115 Heidelberg, Ger.: Springer [Google Scholar]
  111. Erickson T, Li M, Kim Y, Deshpande A, Sahu S. 111.  et al. 2013. The Dubuque Electricity Portal: evaluation of a city-scale residential electricity consumption feedback system Presented at Annu. CHI Conf. Hum. Factors Comput. Syst. (CHI 2013), 31st, Paris
  112. Foster D, Lawson S, Blythe M, Cairns P. 112.  2010. Wattsup?: Motivating reductions in domestic energy consumption using social networks Presented at Annu. Nordic Conf. Hum.–Comput. Interact. Ext. Bound., 6th, Reykjavik, Icel.
  113. Gulbinas R, Jain RK, Taylor JE. 113.  2014. BizWatts: a modular socio-technical energy management system for empowering commercial building occupants to conserve energy. Appl. Energy 136:1076–84 [Google Scholar]
  114. Mankoff J, Fussell SR, Dillahunt T, Glaves R, Grevet C. 114.  et al. 2010. StepGreen.org: increasing energy saving behaviors via social networks. Presented at Annu. Int. AAAI Conf. Weblogs Soc. Media, 4th, Washington, DC
  115. Okuyama K, Saito K, Kato Y, Kobayashi K, Nakauchi Y. 115.  2012. Energy-conservation SNS that is associated with power consumption real data and Twitter Presented at Annu. IEEE/SICE Int. Symp. Syst. Integr. (SII 2012), Fukuoka, Jpn.
  116. Reeves B, Cummings JJ, Scarborough JK, Yeykelis L. 116.  2015. Increasing energy efficiency with entertainment media: an experimental and field test of the influence of a social game on performance of energy behaviors. Environ. Behav. 47:102–15 [Google Scholar]
  117. Salvador R, Romão T, Centieiro P. 117.  2012. A gesture interface game for energy consumption awareness. 9th International Conference on Advances in Computer Entertainment (ACE 2012) A Nijholt, T Romão 352–67 Heidelberg, Ger.: Springer
  118. Sweeney JC, Webb D, Mazzarol T, Soutar GN. 118.  2014. Self-determination theory and word of mouth about energy-saving behaviors: an online experiment. Psychol. Mark. 31:698–716 [Google Scholar]
  119. Terracina-Hartman C, Bienkowski B, Myers M, Kanthawala S. 119.  2013. Social media for environmental action: What prompts engagement and intent toward activism?. Int. J. Technol. Knowl. Soc. 9:143–61 [Google Scholar]
  120. van Dooren C, Bosschaert T. 120.  2013. Developing and disseminating a foodprint tool to raise awareness about healthy and environmentally conscious food choices. Sustain. Sci. Pract. Policy 9:70–82 [Google Scholar]
  121. Gandomi A, Haider M. 121.  2015. Beyond the hype: big data concepts, methods, and analytics. Int. J. Info. Manag. 35:137–44 [Google Scholar]
  122. Foster D, Linehan C, Lawson S, Kirman B. 122.  2011. Power ballads: deploying aversive energy feedback in social media Presented at Annu. CHI Conf. Hum. Factors Comput. Syst. (CHI 2011), 29th, Vanc., BC, Can.
  123. Hovorka DS, Corbett J. 123.  2012. IS sustainability research: a trans-disciplinary framework for a ‘grand challenge’. Thirty-Third International Conference on Information Systems Orlando, FL: Assoc. Inf. Syst.
  124. Kahn PH.124.  2011. Technological Nature: Adaptation and the Future of Human Life Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
  125. Nisbet EK, Zelenski JM, Murphy SA. 125.  2008. The nature relatedness scale: linking individuals’ connection with nature to environmental concern and behavior. Environ. Behav. 41:715–40 [Google Scholar]
  126. Carroll R, Balasubramaniam S, Botvich D, Donnelly W. 126.  2012. Application of genetic algorithm to maximise clean energy usage for data centres. Bio-Inspired Models of Network, Information, and Computing Systems J Suzuki, T Nakano 565–80 Berlin, Heidelberg, Ger.: Springer [Google Scholar]
  127. Fettweis G, Zimmermann E. 127.  2008. ICT energy consumption-trends and challenges Presented at Annu, Int. Symp. Wirel. Pers. Multimed. Commun., 11th, Lapland, Finl.
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-environ-110615-090000
Loading
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-environ-110615-090000
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error