1932

Abstract

This article begins with a review and synthesis of some of the key theories, scholars, case examples, debates, methods, and (multiple) interpretations of environmental justice (EJ), as well as its expansion and globalization. We then look to some newly emerging themes, actions, and strategies for EJ and just sustainabilities. First, we look at the practices and materials of everyday life, illustrated by food and energy movements; second, the ongoing work on community and the importance of identity and attachment, informed by urban planning, food, and climate concerns; third, the growing interest in the relationship between human practices and communities and nonhuman nature. We also expand on the longstanding interest in just sustainabilities within this movement, illustrated by a wide range of concerns with food, energy, and climate justice. These new areas of work illustrate both recent developments and a set of paths forward for both the theory and practice of EJ.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-environ-110615-090052
2016-10-17
2024-04-16
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/energy/41/1/annurev-environ-110615-090052.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-environ-110615-090052&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

Literature Cited

  1. Barry-Jester AM.1.  2016. What went wrong in Flint. FiveThirtyEight Jan. 26. http://fivethirtyeight.com/features/what-went-wrong-in-flint-water-crisis-michigan/
  2. 2. US Census Bureau 2016. QuickFacts Flint city, Michigan http://www.census.gov/quickfacts/table/PST045215/26,2629000,00
  3. Posner EA, Weisbach D. 3.  2010. Climate Change Justice Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press
  4. 4. Press Trust India 2015. Paris agreement a victory of ‘climate justice’, says Modi. The Hindu Dec. 13. http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/paris-agreement-a-victory-of-climate-justice-says-modi/article7983268.ece
  5. Mohai P, Pellow DN, Roberts JT. 5.  2009. Environmental justice. Annu. Rev. Environ. Resour. 34405–30
  6. Benford R.6.  2005. The half-life of the environmenal justice frame: innovation, diffusion, and stagnation. . In Power, Justice, and the Environment: A Critical Appraisal of the Environmental Justice Movement, ed. DN Pellow, RJ Brulle 37–53 Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
  7. 7. US Gen. Account. Off 1983. Siting of Hazardous Waste Landfills and Their Correlation with Racial and Economic Status of Surrounding Communities. Washington, DC: US Gov. Print. Off.
  8. Chavis BF, Lee C. 8.  1987. Toxic Wastes and Race in the United States New York: United Church Christ Comm. Racial Justice
  9. Bullard R, Mohai P, Saha R, Wright B. 9.  2008. Toxic wastes and race at twenty: why race still matters after all of these years. Environ. Law 38371–412
  10. Dryzek JS, Downes D, Hunold C, Schlosberg D, Hernes H. 10.  2003. Green States and Social Movements: Environmentalism in the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, and Norway Oxford, UK: Oxford Univ. Press
  11. Cole L.11.  2008. Using environmental justice principles to inform public policy Presented at Environ. Justice Conf., Princeton, 28–29 Apr.
  12. Harrison JL.12.  2015. Rejecting recognition: colorblind racial ideology and government agencies’ environmental justice programs Presented at Conf. Plur. Polit. Environ. Justice, Univ. East Anglia, 26–27 June
  13. Bullard R.13.  1990. Dumping in Dixie: Race, Class, and Environmental Quality Boulder, CO: Westview
  14. Taylor DE.14.  2014. Toxic Communities: Environmental Racism, Industrial Pollution, and Residential Mobility New York: NYU Press
  15. Goldtooth TBK.15.  2004. Stolen resources: continuing threats to indigenous people's sovereignty and survival. Race Poverty Environ 119–12
  16. Gedicks A.16.  2005. Resource wars against native peoples. See Ref. 116 168–87
  17. LaDuke W.17.  1999. All Our Relations: Native Struggles for Land and Life Boston, MA: South End
  18. Holifield R, Porter M, Walker G. 18.  2009. Spaces of environmental justice: frameworks for critical engagement. Antipode 41591–612
  19. Whyte KP.19.  2011. The recognition definitions of environmental justice in Indian country. Environ. Justice 4199–205
  20. Pulido L, Peña DG. 20.  1998. Environmentalism and positionality: the early pesticide campaign of the United Farm Workers’ Organizing Committee, 1965–71. Race Gender Class 633–50
  21. Taylor DE.21.  2011. Introduction: the introduction of environmental justice activism, research, and scholarship. Environ. Pract. 13280–301
  22. Peña DG.22.  2005. Tierra y vida: Chicano environmental justice struggles in the Southwest. See Ref. 116 188–206
  23. Harrison JL.23.  2011. Pesticide Drift and the Pursuit of Environmental Justice Cambridge, MA:: MIT Press
  24. Holmes S.24.  2013. Fresh Fruit, Broken Bodies: Migrant Farmworkers in the United States Berkeley, CA: Univ. Calif. Press
  25. Myers JS, Sbicca J. 25.  2015. Bridging good food and good jobs: from secession to confrontation within alternative food movement politics.. Geoforum 6117–26
  26. Taylor DE.26.  2000. The rise of the environmental justice paradigm: injustice framing and the social construction of environmental discourses.. Am. Behav. Sci. 43508–80
  27. Schlosberg D.27.  1999. Environmental Justice and the New Pluralism Oxford, UK: Oxford Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  28. Agyeman J, Bullard R, Evans B. 28.  2003. Introduction. Joined-up thinking: bringing together sustainability, environmental justice and equity. See Ref. 30 1–16
  29. Agyeman J.29.  2005. Sustainable Communities and the Challenge of Environmental Justice New York: NYU Press
  30. Agyeman J, Bullard R, Evans B. 30.  2003. Just Sustainabilities: Development in an Unequal World Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
  31. Sze J, London JK. 31.  2008. Environmental justice at the crossroads. Sociol. Compass 21331–54
  32. Mohai P.32.  1995. The demographics of dumping revisited: examining the impact of alternate methodologies in environmental justice research. Va. Environ. Law J. 14615–53
  33. Mohai P, Saha R. 33.  2006. Reassessing racial and socioeconomic disparities in environmental justice research. Demography 43383–99
  34. Bryant B.34.  1995. Pollution prevention and participatory research as a methodology for environmental justice. Va. Environ. Law J. 14589–613
  35. Szasz A, Meuser M. 35.  1997. Environmental inequalities: literature review and proposals for new directions in research and theory. Curr. Sociol. 4599–120
  36. Pellow DN.36.  2000. Environmental inequality formation: toward a theory of environmental injustice. Am. Behav. Sci. 43581–601
  37. Schlosberg D.37.  2007. Defining Environmental Justice: Theories, Movements, and Nature Oxford, UK: Oxford Univ. Press
  38. Walker G.38.  2009. Beyond distribution and proximity: exploring the multiple spatialities of environmental justice.. Antipode 41614–36
  39. Holland B.39.  2008. Justice and the environment in Nussbaum's “capabilities approach”: why sustainable ecological capacity is a meta-capability. Polit. Res. Q. 62319–22
  40. Holland B.40.  2014. Allocating the Earth: A Distributional Framework for Protecting Capabilities in Environmental Law and Policy Oxford, UK: Oxford Univ. Press
  41. Soja EW.41.  2010. Seeking Spatial Justice Minneapolis: Univ. Minn. Press
  42. Corburn J.42.  2005. Street Science: Community Knowledge and Environmental Health Justice Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
  43. Ottinger G, Cohen BR. 43.  2011. Technoscience and Environmental Justice: Expert Cultures in a Grassroots Movement Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
  44. Ottinger G.44.  2013. Changing knowledge, local knowledge, and knowledge gaps: STS insights into procedural justice. Sci. Technol. Hum. Values 38250–70
  45. Gottlieb R.45.  2005. Forcing the Spring: The Transformation of the American Environmental Movement Washington, DC: Island
  46. Agyeman J, Spooner R. 46.  1997. Ethnicity and the rural environment. Contested Countryside Cultures Cloke P, Little J. 197–217 London: Routledge [Google Scholar]
  47. Neal S, Agyeman J. 47.  2006. The New Countryside? Ethnicity, Nation and Exclusion in Contemporary Rural Britain Bristol, UK: Policy
  48. Finney C.48.  2014. Black Faces, White Spaces: Reimagining the Relationship of African Americans to the Great Outdoors Durham: Univ. N.C. Press
  49. Sikor T, Newell P. 49.  2014. Globalizing environmental justice?. Geoforum 54151–57
  50. Anguelovski I.50.  2014. Neighborhood as Refuge: Community Reconstruction, Place Remaking, and Environmental Justice in the City Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
  51. Agyeman J.51.  2013. Global environmental justice or Le droit au monde?. Geoforum 54236–38
  52. Schlosberg D.52.  2013. Theorizing environmental justice: the expanding sphere of discourse. Environ. Polit. 2237–55
  53. Tschakert P.53.  2007. Views from the vulnerable: understanding climatic and other stressors in the Sahel. Glob. Environ. Change 17381–96
  54. Faber D.54.  2008. Capitalizing on Environmental Injustice: The Polluter-Industrial Complex in the Age of Globalization New York: Rowman & Littlefield
  55. Agarwal A, Perrin N, Chhatre A, Benson C, Kononen M. 55.  2012. Climate policy processes, local institutions, and adaptation actions: mechanisms of translation and influence. WIREs Climate Change 3565–79
  56. Pellow DN.56.  2007. Resisting Global Toxics: Transnational Movements for Environmental Justice Boston, MA: MIT Press
  57. Pellow DN.57.  2011. Politics by other greens: the importance of transnational environmental justice movement networks. See Ref. 60 247–65
  58. Agyeman J, Cole P, Haluza-DeLay R, O'Riley P. 58.  2009. Speaking for Ourselves. Environmental Justice in Canada. Vancouver: Univ. B.C. Press
  59. Agyeman J, Ogneva-Himmelberger Y. 59.  2009. Environmental Justice and Sustainability in the Former Soviet Union Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
  60. Carmin J, Agyeman J. 60.  2011. Environmental Inequalities Beyond Borders: Local Perspectives on Global Injustices Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
  61. Agyeman J, Bulkeley H, Nochur A. 61.  2007. Just climate: towards a reconstruction of climate activism?. Ignition: What You Can Do to Fight Global Warming and Spark a Movement J Isham, S Wagge 135–46 Washington, DC: Island
  62. Schlosberg D, Collins LB. 62.  2014. From environmental to climate justice: climate change and the discourse of environmental justice. WIREs Climate Change 5359–74
  63. Wright B.63.  2011. Race, place, and the environment in the aftermath of Katrina. Anthropol. Work Rev. 324–8
  64. Anguelovski I, Roberts D. 64.  2011. Spatial justice and climate change: multiscale impacts and local development in Durban, South Africa. See Ref. 60 19–44
  65. Miranda ML, Hastings DA, Aldy JE, Schlesinger WH. 65.  2011. The environmental justice dimensions of climate change. Environ. Justice 417–25
  66. Schlosberg D.66.  2012. Climate justice and capabilities: a framework for adaptation policy. Ethics Int. Aff. 26445–61
  67. Bulkeley H, Carmin J, Broto VC, Edwards GAS, Fuller S. 67.  2013. Climate justice and global cities: mapping the emerging discourses. Glob. Environ. Change 23914–25
  68. Bulkeley H, Edwards GAS, Fuller S. 68.  2014. Contesting climate justice in the city: examining the politics and practice in urban climate change experiments. Glob. Environ. Change 2531–40
  69. Roberts JT, Parks B. 69.  2006. A Climate of Injustice: Global Inequality, North-South Politics, and Climate Policy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  70. Martinez-Alier J.70.  2003. The Environmentalism of the Poor: A Study of Ecological Conflicts and Valuation Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar
  71. Vickery J, Hunter LM. 71.  2016. Native Americans: where in environmental justice research?. Soc. Nat. Resour. 2936–52
  72. Carruthers D. 72.  2008. Environmental Justice in Latin America Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
  73. Schlosberg D, Carruthers D. 73.  2010. Indigenous struggles, environmental justice, and community capabilities. Glob. Environ. Polit. 1012–35
  74. Walker G.74.  2012. Environmental Justice: Concepts, Evidence and Politics London: Routledge
  75. Gottlieb R, Fisher A. 75.  1996. First feed the face: environmental justice and community food security. Antipode 28193–203
  76. Gottlieb R.76.  2009. Where we live, work, play…and eat: expanding the environmental justice agenda. Environ. Justice 27–8
  77. Gottlieb R, Joshi A. 77.  2010. Food Justice Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
  78. Alkon AH, Agyeman J. 78.  2011. Cultivating Food Justice: Race, Class, and Sustainability Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
  79. Alkon AH, Norgaard KM. 79.  2009. Breaking the food chains: an investigation of food justice activism. Soc. Inq. 79289–305
  80. Hinrichs C.80.  2014. Transitions to sustainability: a change in thinking about food systems change?. Agric. Hum. Values 31143–55
  81. Hinrichs C, Eshleman J. 81.  2014. Agrifood movements: diversity, aims, and limits. Rural America in a Globalizing World: Problems and Prospects for the 2010s C Bailey, L Jensen, E Ransom 138–55 Morgantown: W. Va. Univ. Press
  82. Holt-Giménez E.82.  2011. Food security, food justice, or food sovereignty? Crises, food movements, and regime change. See Ref. 78 309–30
  83. Agyeman J.83.  2013. Introducing Just Sustainabilities: Policy, Planning and Practice London: Zed Books
  84. Born B, Purcell M. 84.  2006. Avoiding the local trap: scale and food systems in planning research. J. Plan. Educ. Res. 26195–207
  85. Schlosberg D, Coles R. 85.  2015. The new environmentalism of everyday life: sustainability, material flows, and movements. Contemp. Polit. Theory 15:160–81 [Google Scholar]
  86. Walker G, Day R. 86.  2012. Fuel poverty as injustice: integrating distribution, recognition and procedure in the struggle for affordable warmth. Energy Policy 4969–75
  87. Sze J.87.  2006. Boundaries and border wars: DES, technology, and environmental justice. Am. Q. 58791–814
  88. Gabrielson T.88.  2011. The normalized toxic body: a site for theorizing an environmental politics. Presented at West. Polit. Sci. Assoc., San Antonio, Apr. 21–23 [Google Scholar]
  89. Di Chiro G. 89.  2008. Living environmentalisms: coalition politics, social reproduction and environmental justice. Environ. Polit. 17276–98
  90. Gabrielson T, Parady K. 90.  2010. Corporeal citizenship: rethinking green citizenship through the body. Environ. Polit. 19374–91
  91. Whatmore S.91.  2006. Materialist returns: practising cultural geography in and for a more-than-human world. Cult. Geogr. 13600–9
  92. Escobar A.92.  2001. Culture sits in places: reflections on globalism and subaltern strategies of localisation. Polit. Geogr. 20:139–74 [Google Scholar]
  93. Devine-Wright P, Howes Y. 93.  2010. Disruption to place attachment and the protection of restorative environments: a wind energy case study. J. Environ. Psychol. 30271–80
  94. Bristow G, Cowell R, Munday M. 94.  2012. Windfalls for whom? The evolving notion of “community” in community benefit provisions from wind farms. Geoforum 431108–20
  95. Fincher R, Jacobs JM. 95.  1998. Cities of Difference New York: Guildford
  96. Sennett R.96.  1990. The Conscience of the Eye: The Design and Social Life of Cities New York: Knopf
  97. Zavestoski S, Agyeman J. 97.  2014. Incomplete Streets: Processes, Practices and Possibilities Oxford, UK: Routledge
  98. Byrne J, Wolch J. 98.  2009. Nature, race, and parks: past research and future directions for geographic research. Prog. Hum. Geogr. 33743–65
  99. Wood P, Landry C. 99.  2007. The Intercultural City: Planning for Diversity and Advantage London: Earthscan
  100. McLaren D, Agyeman J. 100.  2015. Sharing Cities: A Case for Truly Smart and Sustainable Cities Cambridge, MA: MIT Press
  101. Agyeman J, McLaren D, Shaeffer-Borrego A. 101.  2013. Sharing Cities London: Friends of the Earth
  102. Dooling S.102.  2009. Ecological gentrification: a research agenda exploring justice in the city. Int. J. Urban Reg. Res. 33621–39
  103. Curran W, Hamilton T. 103.  2012. Just green enough: contesting environmental gentrification in Greenpoint, Brooklyn. Local Environ 171027–42
  104. Anguelovski I.104.  2016. Healthy food stores, greenlining and food gentrification: contesting new forms of privelege, displacement and locally unwanted land uses in racially mixed neighborhoods. Int. J. Urban Reg. Res. 39:1209–30 [Google Scholar]
  105. Groves C.105.  2015. The bomb in my backyard, the serpent in my house: environmental justice, risk, and the colonisation of attachment. Environ. Polit. 24853–73
  106. Broto VC, Burningham K, Carter C, Elghai L. 106.  2010. Stigma and attachment: performance of identity in an environmentally degraded place. Soc. Nat. Resour. 23952–68
  107. Agyeman J, Devine-Wright P, Prange J. 107.  2009. Close to the edge, down by the river? Joining up managed retreat and place attachment in a climate changed world. Environ. Plan. A 41509–13
  108. Anguelovski I.108.  2013. New directions in urban environmental justice: rebuilding community, addressing trauma, and remaking place. J. Plan. Educ. Res. 33160–75
  109. Nixon R.109.  2011. Slow Violence Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
  110. Bullard R, Wright B. 110.  2008. Race, Place, and Environmental Justice After Hurricane Katrina: Struggles to Reclaim, Rebuild, and Revitalize New Orleans and the Gulf Coast. Boulder, CO: Westview
  111. Fuller S, McCauley D. 111.  2016. Framing energy justice: perspectives from activism and advocacy. Energy Res. Soc. Sci. 111–8
  112. Jenkins K, McCauley D, Heffron R, Stephan H, Rehner R. 112.  2016. Energy justice: a conceptual review. Energy Res. Soc. Sci. 11174–82
  113. 113. United Nations 2015. Sustainable Development Goals: 17 goals to transform our world http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/sustainable-development-goals/
  114. Edwards GAS, Reid L, Hunter C. 114.  2015. Environmental justice, capabilities, and the theorization of well-being. Prog. Hum. Geogr. In press. doi:10.1177/0309132515620850
  115. Schlosberg D.115.  2012. Justice, ecological integrity and climate change. Ethical Adaptation to Climate Change: Human Virtues of the Future A Thompson, J Bendik-Keymer 165–83 Cambridge, MA: MIT Press [Google Scholar]
  116. Bullard R. 116.  2005. The Quest for Environmental Justice: Human Rights and the Politics of Pollution San Francisco, CA: Sierra Club Books
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-environ-110615-090052
Loading
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-environ-110615-090052
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error