1932

Abstract

The recent rise of the rule of law, from controversial legal ideal to unopposed international cliché/slogan, has rendered increasingly murky what the concept might mean, what the phenomenon might be, and what it might be worth. This article argues, nevertheless, that the concept engages with fundamental and enduring issues of politics and law, particularly the dangers of arbitrary power, and the value of its institutionalized tempering. The article seeks to support the rule of law ideal, if not all the ways it is invoked, by recovering some past thinking about and experience with and without the rule of law understood this way. The review criticizes current discussions for their temporal parochialism and their inadequate treatment of ideals and of contexts. It concludes with two pleas: a call for a social science that does not exist, and a suggestion that, in order to pursue its own ideals, the time might have come to move beyond the rule of law.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-lawsocsci-102612-134103
2016-10-27
2024-06-13
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/lawsocsci/12/1/annurev-lawsocsci-102612-134103.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-lawsocsci-102612-134103&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

Literature Cited

  1. Acemoglu D, Robinson JA. 2012. Why Nations Fail New York: Crown Bus. [Google Scholar]
  2. Akhil Bharatiya Upbhokta Congress v. State of Madhya Pradesh, (2011) 5 S.C.C. 29 [65]
  3. Aristotle. 1988. The Politics Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  4. Benton L. 2002. Law and Colonial Cultures: Legal Regimes in World History, 1400–1900 Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  5. Berman H. 1983. Law and Revolution: The Formation of the Western Legal Tradition Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  6. Bozóki A. 2012. The crisis of democracy in Hungary, 2012. Deliberately Considered Feb. 3. http://www.deliberatelyconsidered.com/2012/02/the-crisis-of-democracy-in-hungary-2012/ [Google Scholar]
  7. Braithwaite J. 2011. Is separation of powers a rule of law issue? The media case Presented at Media, Democracy, and the Rule of Law Conference, Law School, Univ. New South Wales, Sept. 2011 (on file with author) [Google Scholar]
  8. Bugarič B. 2014. Law and development in Central and Eastern Europe: the neo-liberal development state and its problems. Law and Development in Middle-Income Countries: Avoiding the Middle-Income Trap R Peerenboom, T Ginsburg 131–55 Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  9. Carothers T. 2006. The problem of knowledge. Promoting the Rule of Law Abroad: In Search of Knowledge T Carothers 15–28 Washington, DC: Carnegie Endow. Int. Peace [Google Scholar]
  10. Cheesman N. 2015a. Opposing the Rule of Law. How Myanmar's Courts Make Law and Order Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  11. Cheesman N. 2015b. The signifier of desire, the rule of law. Soc. Res. 82:2267–90 [Google Scholar]
  12. Chesterman S. 2010. Taking stock: the UN Security Council and the rule of law Keynote Address, Dialogue with UN Memb. States on Rule of Law at Int. Lev., Oct. 28, New York [Google Scholar]
  13. Collins H. 1982. Marxism and Law Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  14. Craiutu A. 2012. A Virtue for Courageous Minds: Moderation in French Political Thought, 1748–1830. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  15. Desai D. 2014. In search of “hire” knowledge: donor hiring practices and the organization of the rule of law reform field. The International Rule of Law Movement—A Crisis of Legitimacy and the Way Forward D Marshall 42–83 Hum. Rights Progr. Ser Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  16. Desai D, Woolcock M. 2015. Experimental justice reform: lessons from the World Bank and beyond. Annu. Rev. Law Soc. Sci. 11:155–74 [Google Scholar]
  17. Dicey AV. 1982 (1885). Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution Indianapolis: LibertyClassics, Reprint 8th ed. 1915. [Google Scholar]
  18. Di Palma 1990. To Craft Democracies: An Essay on Democratic Transitions Oakland: Univ. Calif. Press [Google Scholar]
  19. Ehrlich E. 2002 (1913). Fundamental Principles of the Sociology of Law transl. WL Moll Piscataway, NJ: Transaction [Google Scholar]
  20. Endicott T. 2014. Arbitrariness Oxford Legal Stud. Res. Pap. No. 2/2014, Oxford, UK. http://ssrn.com/abstract=2378858 [Google Scholar]
  21. Fleming JE. 2011. Getting to the Rule of Law NOMOS 50 New York: N.Y. Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  22. Frank J. 2005. A Democracy of Distinction: Aristotle and the Work of Politics Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press [Google Scholar]
  23. Fukuyama F. 2011. The Origins of Political Order: From Prehuman Times to the French Revolution New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux [Google Scholar]
  24. Fukuyama F. 2014. Political Order and Political Decay: From the Industrial Revolution to the Globalization of Democracy New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux [Google Scholar]
  25. Fuller L. 1969. The Morality of Law New Haven, CT: Yale Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  26. Galanter M. 1981. Justice in many rooms: courts, private ordering, and indigenous law. J. Leg. Plur. 9:1–47 [Google Scholar]
  27. Galanter M. 2014. Why the Haves Come Out Ahead: The Classic Essay and New Observations New Orleans, LA: Quid Pro [Google Scholar]
  28. Ginsburg T. 2011. In defense of imperialism? The rule of law and the state-building project. Getting to the Rule of Law JE Fleming 224–40 NOMOS 50 New York: N.Y. Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  29. Gowder P. 2016. The Rule of Law in the Real World Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  30. Guha R. 1998. Dominance Without Hegemony: History and Power in Colonial India Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  31. Hadfield GK, Weingast BR. 2014. Microfoundations of the rule of law. Annu. Rev. Polit. Sci. 17:21–42 [Google Scholar]
  32. Haggard S, MacIntyre A, Tiede L. 2008. The rule of law and economic development. Annu. Rev. Polit. Sci. 11:205–34 [Google Scholar]
  33. Haggard S, Tiede L. 2010. The rule of law and economic growth: Where are we?. World Dev 39:5673–85 [Google Scholar]
  34. Harrington J. 1771. The Oceana and Other Works of James Harrington, with an Account of His Life by John Toland London: Becket & Cadell http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/916 [Google Scholar]
  35. Hayek FA. 1960. The Constitution of Liberty London: Routledge & Kegan Paul [Google Scholar]
  36. Hayek FA. 1994. The Road to Serfdom: Fiftieth Anniversary Edition with a New Introduction by Milton Friedman Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press [Google Scholar]
  37. Heckman JJ, Nelson RL, Cabatingan L. 2010. Global Perspectives on the Rule of Law Abingdon, UK: Routledge [Google Scholar]
  38. Hobbes T. 1960. Leviathan Oxford: Basil Blackwell [Google Scholar]
  39. Holmes S. 1995. Passions and Constraint: On the Theory of Liberal Democracy Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press [Google Scholar]
  40. Holmes S. 2004. Judicial independence as ambiguous reality and insidious illusion. From Liberal Values to Democratic Transition R Dworkin 3–14 Budapest: Cent. Eur. Union Press [Google Scholar]
  41. Holmes S. 2009. In case of emergency: misunderstanding tradeoffs in the War on Terror. Calif. Law Rev. 97:2301–55 [Google Scholar]
  42. Issacharoff S. 2013. The democratic risk to democratic constitutions. Const. Court Rev. 5:1–31 [Google Scholar]
  43. Jensen EG, Heller TC. 2003. Beyond Common Knowledge: Empirical Approaches to the Rule of Law Palo Alto, CA: Stanford Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  44. Judt T. 1990. The rediscovery of Central Europe. Daedalus 119:123–54 [Google Scholar]
  45. Kavanagh C, Jones B. 2011. Shaky Foundations: An Assessment of the UN's Rule of Law Support Agenda New York: N.Y. Univ. Cent. Int. Coop. [Google Scholar]
  46. Kilcullen DJ. 2011. Deiokes and the Taliban: local governance, bottom-up state formation and the rule of law in counter-insurgency. The Rule of Law in Afghanistan W Mason 35–50 Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  47. Kleinfeld R. 2006. Competing definitions of the rule of law. Promoting the Rule of Law Abroad: In Search of Knowledge T Carothers 41–73 Washington, DC: Carnegie Endow. Int. Peace [Google Scholar]
  48. Kleinfeld R. 2012. Advancing the Rule of Law Abroad: Next Generation Reform Washington, DC: Carnegie Endow. Int. Peace [Google Scholar]
  49. Kolsky E. 2010. Colonial Justice and British India: White Violence and the Rule of Law Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  50. Krygier M. 2002. The grammar of colonial legality: subjects, objects, and the Australian rule of law. Australia Reshaped: 200 Years of Institutional Transformation G Brennan, FG Castles 220–60 Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  51. Krygier M. 2006. The rule of law: an abuser's guide. Abuse: The Dark Side of Fundamental Rights A Sajó 129–61 Utrecht, Neth.: Eleven Int. [Google Scholar]
  52. Krygier M. 2011. Four puzzles about the rule of law: Why, what, where? And who cares?. Getting to the Rule of Law JE Fleming 64–104 NOMOS 50 New York: N.Y. Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  53. Krygier M. 2014. The rule of law after the short twentieth century: launching a global career. Law, Society and Community: Essays in Honour of Roger Cotterrell R Nobles, D Schiff 327–46 Farnham, UK: Ashgate [Google Scholar]
  54. Krygier M. 2015. Rule of law (and Rechtsstaat). International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences 20 JD Wright 780–87 Oxford: Elsevier, 2nd ed.. [Google Scholar]
  55. Krygier M. 2016a. Tempering power. Constitutionalism and the Rule of Law: Bridging Idealism and Realism M Adams, A Meuwese, EH Ballin Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press. In press [Google Scholar]
  56. Krygier M. 2016b. Magna Carta and the rule of law tradition. Proceedings of a Symposium Held by the Department of the Senate and the Rule of Law Institute of Australia to Commemorate the 800th Anniversary of the Sealing of Magna Carta P Waring 11–29 Pap. Parliam. 65 Canberra, Aust.: Parliam. Aust. [Google Scholar]
  57. Krygier M. 2016c. Legal pluralism and the value of the rule of law. Jurisprudence Without Borders A Halpin, N Roughan Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press. In press [Google Scholar]
  58. Krygier M. 2016d. The rule of law and the security council: some conceptual reflections. Strengthening the Rule of Law through the Security Council J Farrall, H Charlesworth 13–26 London: Routledge [Google Scholar]
  59. Krygier M, Czarnota A. 2006. After postcommunism: the next phase. Annu. Rev. Law Soc. Sci. 2:299–340 [Google Scholar]
  60. Kurkchiyan M. 2003. The illegitimacy of law in post-Communist societies. Law and Informal Practices: The Post-Communist Experience B Galligan, M Kurkchiyan 25–46 Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  61. Locke J. 1960. Two Treatises of Government New York: Mentor [Google Scholar]
  62. Loughlin M. 2010. Foundations of Public Law Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  63. MacIntyre A. 1985. After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory London: Duckworth, 2nd ed.. [Google Scholar]
  64. MacIntyre A. 1988. Whose Justice? Which Rationality Notre Dame, IN: Univ. Notre Dame Press [Google Scholar]
  65. Malinowski B. 1926. Crime and Custom in Savage Society London: Routledge & Kegan Paul [Google Scholar]
  66. Mann M. 1986/1993. The Sources of Social Power 1–2 Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  67. Mansfield HC. 1985. Constitutionalism and the rule of law. Harvard J. Law Public Policy 8:323–26 [Google Scholar]
  68. Marsilius of Padua. 2005. The Defender of the Peace Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  69. Massoud M. 2013. Law's Fragile State: Colonial, Authoritarian and Humanitarian Legacies in Sudan Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  70. Mattei U, Nader L. 2008. Plunder: When the Rule of Law Is Illegal Hoboken, NJ: Wiley/Blackwell [Google Scholar]
  71. McIlwain C. 1947. Constitutionalism: Ancient and Modern Ithaca, NY: Cornell Univ. Press. Rev, ed.. [Google Scholar]
  72. McLaren J. 2015. Chasing the chimera: the rule of law in the British Empire and the comparative turn in legal history. Law Context 31:21–36 [Google Scholar]
  73. Mnookin RH, Kornhauser L. 1979. Bargaining in the shadow of the law: the case of divorce. Yale Law J 88:950–97 [Google Scholar]
  74. Montesquieu C-L. 1992. The Spirit of the Laws transl./ed. AM Cohler, BC Miller, HS Stone Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  75. Moore SF. 1978. Law as Process: An Anthropological Approach London: Routledge & Kegan Paul [Google Scholar]
  76. Moore SF. 2015. An unusual career: considering political/legal orders and unofficial parallel realities. Annu. Rev. Law Soc. Sci. 11:1–14 [Google Scholar]
  77. Niebuhr R. 1932. Moral Man and Immoral Society New York: Charles Scribner's Sons [Google Scholar]
  78. North DC, Wallis JJ, Weingast BR. 2009. Violence and Social Orders: A Conceptual Framework for Interpreting Recorded Human History Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  79. North HF. 1973. Temperance (sōphrōsynē) and the canon of the cardinal virtues. Dictionary of the History of Ideas 4 PP Wiener 365–78 New York: Charles Scribner's Sons [Google Scholar]
  80. Oakeshott M. 1991. Political education. Rationalism in Politics and Other Essays: New and Expanded Edition Indianapolis: Liberty [Google Scholar]
  81. O'Connor V. 2015. Understanding the International Rule of Law Community, Its History, and Its Practice http://ssrn.com/abstract=2665672 [Google Scholar]
  82. O'Donnell G. 1999. Polyarchy and the (unrule) of law in Latin America. The (Un)Rule of Law & the Underprivileged in Latin America JE Mendez, G O'Donnell, PS Pinheiro Notre Dame, IN: Univ. Notre Dame Press [Google Scholar]
  83. Pagden A. 1995. Lords of All the World: Ideologies of Empire in Spain, Britain and France c.1500–c.1800 New Haven, CT: Yale Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  84. Palombella G. 2010. The rule of law as institutional ideal. Rule of Law and Democracy L Morlino, G Palombella 3–37 Leiden, Neth.: Brill [Google Scholar]
  85. Palombella G. 2012. È possibile una legalità globale? Il Rule of law e la governance del mondo Bologna, Italy: Il Mulino [Google Scholar]
  86. Peerenboom R. 2004. Varieties of rule of law: an introduction and provisional conclusion. Asian Discourses of Rule of Law R Peerenboom 1–55 London: Routledge Curzon [Google Scholar]
  87. Petrażycki L. 1968 [1955]. Law and Morality transl. HW Babb Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  88. Pettit P. 1997. Republicanism: A Theory of Freedom and Government Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1st ed.. [Google Scholar]
  89. Pipes R. 1977. Russia under the Old Regime Harmondsworth, UK: Peregrine [Google Scholar]
  90. Pocock JGA. 1987. The Ancient Constitution and the Feudal Law: A Reissue with a Retrospect Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  91. Podgórecki A. 1994. Polish Society Westport, CT: Praeger [Google Scholar]
  92. Poggi G. 2001. Forms of Power Cambridge, UK: Polity [Google Scholar]
  93. Poggi G. 2014. Varieties of Political Experience: Power Phenomena in Modern Society ECPR Essays. Colchester, UK: ECPR Press [Google Scholar]
  94. Pritchett L, Woolcock M, Andrews M. 2010. Capability traps? The mechanisms of persistent implementation failure CGD Work. Pap. 234, Cent. Glob. Dev., Washington, DC. http://www.cgdev.org/content/publications/detail/1424651 [Google Scholar]
  95. Rajagopal B. 2008. Invoking the rule of law in post-conflict rebuilding: a critical examination. William Mary Law Rev 49:41347–76 [Google Scholar]
  96. Rajah J. 2012. Authoritarian Rule of Law Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  97. Raz J. 1979. The rule of law and its virtue. The Authority of Law: Essays on Law and Morality J Raz 210–29 Oxford: Clarendon: [Google Scholar]
  98. Reid JP. 1977. In legitimate stirps: the concept of “arbitrary,” the supremacy of Parliament, and the coming of the American Revolution. Hofstra Law Rev 5:3459–99 [Google Scholar]
  99. Reid JP. 2004. Rule of Law: The Jurisprudence of Liberty in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries DeKalb: North. Ill. Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  100. Rundle K. 2009. The impossibility of an exterminatory legality: law and the Holocaust. Univ. Tor. Law J. 59:165–125 [Google Scholar]
  101. Sadurski W. 2016. What makes Kaczyński tick?. I-CONnect Blog Int. J. Const. Law Jan. 14. http://www.iconnectblog.com/2016/01/what-makes-kaczynski-tick [Google Scholar]
  102. Sajó A. 1999. Limiting Government: An Introduction to Constitutionalism Budapest: Cent. Eur. Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  103. Santiso C. 2003. The elusive quest for the rule of law: promoting judicial reform in Latin America. Braz. J. Polit. Econ. 23:3113–34 [Google Scholar]
  104. Secur. Counc. Rep. 2011. Cross-cutting report on the rule of law Secur. Counc. Rep. No. 3, New York. http://www.securitycouncilreport.org/atf/cf/{65BFCF9B-6D27-4E9C-8CD3-CF6E4FF96FF9}/XCutting Rule of Law 2011.pdf [Google Scholar]
  105. Sellers MNS. 2014. What is the rule of law and why is it so important?. The Legal Doctrines of the Rule of Law and the Legal State (Rechtsstaat) JR Silkenat, JE Hickey Jr., PD Barenboim 3–14 Heidelberg, Ger.: Springer Verlag [Google Scholar]
  106. Selznick P. 1968. The sociology of law. The International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences 9 DL Sillis, RK Merton. New York: Macmillan [Google Scholar]
  107. Selznick P. 1969. Law, Society, and Industrial Justice New York: Russell Sage Found. [Google Scholar]
  108. Selznick P. 1973. The dialectic of fact and value: foundations of a humanist social science Bernard Moses Meml. Lect., Univ. Calif., Berkeley, Feb. 21 (manuscript in possession of the author) [Google Scholar]
  109. Selznick P. 1992. The Moral Commonwealth Oakland: Univ. Calif. Press [Google Scholar]
  110. Sempill JA. 2016. Ruler's sword, citizen's shield: the rule of law and the constitution of power. J. Law Polit. 31:333–415 [Google Scholar]
  111. Sen A. 2000. What is the role of legal and judicial reform in the development process? Presented at World Bank Legal Conf., June 5, Washington, DC. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTLAWJUSTINST/Resources/legalandjudicial.pdf [Google Scholar]
  112. Shils E. 1981. Tradition Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press [Google Scholar]
  113. Shklar J. 1998. Political theory and the rule of law. Political Theory and Political Thinkers S Hoffmann 21–37 Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press [Google Scholar]
  114. Sołtan K. 1999. A social science that does not exist. Rediscovering Fuller: Essays on Implicit Law and Institutional Design WJ Witteveen, W van der Burg 387–410 Amsterdam: Amst. Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  115. Sołtan K. 2002. Selznick and civics. Legalty and Community: On the Intellectual Legacy of Philip Selznick RA Kagan, M Krygier, K Winston 357–72 Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield [Google Scholar]
  116. Tamanaha B. 2004. On the Rule of Law: History, Politics, Theory Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  117. Tamanaha B. 2011. The primacy of society and the failures of law and development. Cornell Int. Law J. 44:209–47 [Google Scholar]
  118. Tamanaha B, Sage C, Woolcock M. 2012. Legal Pluralism and Development Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  119. Teitel R. 2000. Transitional Justice New York: Oxford Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  120. Thompson EP. 1975. Whigs and Hunters: Origins of the Black Act London: Penguin [Google Scholar]
  121. Waldron J. 2002. Is the rule of law an essentially contested concept (in Florida)?. Law Philos 21:2137–64 [Google Scholar]
  122. Waldron J. 2011a. Thoughtfulness and the rule of law. Br. Acad. Rev. 18:1–11 [Google Scholar]
  123. Waldron J. 2011b. The rule of law and the importance of procedure. Getting to the Rule of Law JE Fleming 3–31 NOMOS 50 New York: N.Y. Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  124. Waldron J. 2012. The Rule of Law and the Measure of Property Hamlyn Lect. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press. Kindle, ed.. [Google Scholar]
  125. Walker GDeQ. 1988. The Rule of Law: Foundation of Constitutional Democracy Carleton, Aust.: Melbourne Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  126. Washbrook D. 1999. India, 1818–1860: the two faces of colonialism. Oxford History of the British Empire 3 The Nineteenth Century A Porter 395–421 Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  127. Weber M. 1968. Economy and Society 2 G Roth, C Wittich New York: Bedminster [Google Scholar]
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-lawsocsci-102612-134103
Loading
  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error