This article surveys key aspects of sociolegal scholarship on India. The literature has tended to emphasize certain areas, such as rights-based social movements, courts (both formal and informal), and the legal profession. Additionally, various authors over the years have examined gender, religion, and caste—each on its own, but also how each can intersect with one another and with the other above-mentioned topics. And more recently, there has been a burgeoning sociolegal literature on the role globalization plays in India. Scholars who have written on these issues approach their work from a range of methodological perspectives, but regardless, as we argue here, much of this literature has served as a vehicle to champion the rights of the needy. Gaps, of course, still are present, which we discuss. We conclude by highlighting a few areas upon which scholars may wish to build in the future.


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