This article reviews a growing body of social science research indicating that race, ethnicity, and culture can influence the judgments and behaviors of juries. The first section addresses research on jury bias, which shows that jurors often make harsher judgments of defendants from other racial and ethnic groups and are more likely to give death sentences in cases involving Black or Latino defendants and White victims. However, these effects are moderated by several factors related to the trial parties, context, and crime. Further, juror bias often involves subtle or implicit psychological processes that can be difficult to recognize and correct. The second section discusses research conceptualizing jurors as agentic forces whose judgments and behaviors may reflect their racial, ethnic, and cultural backgrounds. This work shows that jurors' backgrounds may influence their reactions to defendants, trial judgments, and deliberation behaviors. The final section offers recommendations for future research in these areas.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Literature Cited

  1. Abshire J, Bornstein BH. 2003. Juror sensitivity to the cross-race effect. Law Hum. Behav. 27:471–80 doi: 10.1023/a:1025481905861 [Google Scholar]
  2. Adams LT, Bryden MW, Griffith JD. 2011. Middle Eastern racial bias and the impact of jury deliberation. Am. J. Forensic Psychol. 29:341–59 [Google Scholar]
  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error