1932

Abstract

From 1968 to 1997, wealthy, advanced democracies generally did not suffer from high levels of chronic terrorism, with two exceptions: () advanced democracies that interfered in other countries' affairs through military intervention or occupations were frequent targets of transnational terrorism, and () poor democracies with territorial conflicts often experienced related domestic terrorist attacks. Intermediately wealthy and transitioning democracies with internally inconsistent institutions were more likely to experience domestic terrorism than advanced democracies and authoritarian regimes. There is very little agreement about why these trends persist. I identify the competing explanations that have emerged within the literature as well as remaining controversies. I also present preliminary evidence suggesting that since 9/11, terrorism persists in the usual pattern but may be increasingly prevalent in nondemocratic countries. I offer five speculative explanations for this and four suggestions for how the field should proceed.

[Erratum, Closure]

An erratum has been published for this article:
Terrorism and Democracy
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-polisci-032211-221825
2013-05-11
2024-04-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-polisci-032211-221825
Loading
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-polisci-032211-221825
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error