1932

Abstract

I give an overall view of anthropology and of my career within it over the past fifty years, relating them to changes in the world in general during that time. All lessons are implicit, all morals unstated, all conclusions undrawn.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.anthro.31.040402.085449
2002-10-01
2024-04-15
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/anthro/31/1/annurev.anthro.31.040402.085449.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.anthro.31.040402.085449&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

Literature Cited

  1. Allport GW. 1954. The Nature of Prejudice. Cambridge, MA: Addison-Wesley [Google Scholar]
  2. Appadurai A. 1996. Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization. Minneapolis: Univ. Minn. Press [Google Scholar]
  3. Asad T. ed 1973. Anthropology and the Colonial Encounter. New York: Humanities [Google Scholar]
  4. Ashforth A. 2000. Madumo: a Man Bewitched. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press [Google Scholar]
  5. Barber BR. 1995. Jihad vs. McWorld. New York: Times Books [Google Scholar]
  6. Bauer R. 1959. The New Man in Soviet Psychology. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  7. Bauer R, Inkeles A, Kluckhohn C. 1956. How the Soviet System Works: Cultural, Psychological, and Social Themes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  8. Bellah RN. 1957. Tokugawa Religion: the Values of Pre-Industrial Japan. New York: Free Press [Google Scholar]
  9. Bellah RN. ed 1965. Religion and Progress in Modern Asia. New York: Free Press [Google Scholar]
  10. Bendix R. 1962. Max Weber: an Intellectual Portrait. Garden City, NY: Doubleday [Google Scholar]
  11. Benedict RF. 1934. Patterns of Culture. Boston: Houghton Mifflin [Google Scholar]
  12. Benedict R. 1949. The Chrysanthemum and the Sword: Patterns of Japanese Culture. Boston: Houghton Mifflin [Google Scholar]
  13. Bestor TC. 2000. When sushi went global.. Foreign Aff.: Nov.–Dec
  14. Black C. ed 1976. Comparative Modernization: a Reader. New York: Free Press [Google Scholar]
  15. Boon JA. 1972. From Symbolism to Structuralism: Lévi-Strauss in a Literary Tradition. Oxford: Blackwells [Google Scholar]
  16. Boon JA. 1982. Other Tribes, Other Scribes: Symbolic Anthropology in the Comparative Study of Cultures, Histories, Religions, and Text. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  17. Bourdieu P. 1977. Outline of a Theory of Practice. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  18. Bruner JS, Krech D. eds 1950. Perception and Personality. Durham, NC: Duke Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  19. Chagnon N, Irons W. eds 1979. Evolutionary Biology and Human Social Behavior. North Scituate, MA: Duxbury [Google Scholar]
  20. Clifford J. 1988. The Predicament of Culture: Twentieth Century Ethnography, Literature, and Art. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  21. Clifford J, Marcus G. eds 1986. Writing Culture: the Poetics and Politics of Culture. Berkeley: Univ. Calif. Press [Google Scholar]
  22. D'Andrade RG. 1995. The Development of Cognitive Anthropology. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  23. Daniel EV. 1996. Charred Lullabies: Chapters in an Anthropology of Violence. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  24. Das V. ed 2000. Violence and Subjectivity. Berkeley: Univ. Calif. Press [Google Scholar]
  25. Deleuze G, Guattari F. 1977. Anti-Oedipus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. New York: Viking [Google Scholar]
  26. Deloria V. 1969. Custer Died for Your Sins: an Indian Manifesto. New York: Macmillan [Google Scholar]
  27. Derrida J. 1976. Of Grammatology. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  28. Diamond S. 1992. Compromised Campus: the Collaboration of the Universities with the Intelligence Community, 1945–1955. New York: Oxford Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  29. Douglas M. 1989. How Institutions Think. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  30. Du Bois C, Kardiner A, Oberholzer E. et al. 1944. The People of Alor: a Social-Psychological Study of an East Indian Island. Minneapolis: Univ. Minn. Press [Google Scholar]
  31. Dumont L. 1970. Homo Hierarchicus: an Essay on the Caste System. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press [Google Scholar]
  32. Eisenstadt S. ed 1968. The Protestant Ethic and Modernization: a Comparative View. New York: Basic Books [Google Scholar]
  33. Eisenstadt SN. 1966. Modernization: Protest and Change. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall [Google Scholar]
  34. Erikson EH. 1950. Childhood and Society. New York: Norton [Google Scholar]
  35. Fabian J. 1983. Time and the Other: How Anthropology Makes Its Object. New York: Columbia Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  36. Fernandez JA. 1986. Persuasions and Performances: the Play of Tropes in Culture. Bloomington: Ind. Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  37. Foner N. 2000. From Ellis Island to JFK: New York's Two Great Waves of Immigration. New Haven, CT: Yale Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  38. Foucault M. 1970. The Order of Things, an Archaeology of the Human Sciences. New York: Pantheon [Google Scholar]
  39. Gadamer H-G. 1975. Truth and Method. London: Sheed & Ward [Google Scholar]
  40. Geertz C. 1956. Religious belief and economic behavior in a central Javanese town: some preliminary considerations.. Econ. Dev. Cult. Change 2:134–58 [Google Scholar]
  41. Geertz C. 1963a. Agricultural Involution: the Process of Ecological Change in Indonesia. Berkeley: Univ. Calif. Press [Google Scholar]
  42. Geertz C. ed 1963b. Old Societies and New States. New York: Free Press [Google Scholar]
  43. Geertz C. 1973. The Interpretation of Cultures, Selected Essays. New York: Basic Books [Google Scholar]
  44. Geertz C. 1983. Local Knowledge: Further Essays in Interpretive Anthropology. New York: Basic [Google Scholar]
  45. Geertz C. 1988. Works and Lives: the Anthropologist as Author. Stanford, CA: Stanford Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  46. Geertz C. 1995a. After the Fact: Two Countries, Four Decades, One Anthropologist. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  47. Geertz C. 1995b. Reason, religion and Professor Gellner.. In The Limits of Pluralism: Neo-absolutism and Relativism, ed. HR Hoetink, n.p. Amsterdam: Praemium Erasmanium Found
  48. Geertz C. 2000. Available Light: Anthropological Reflections on Philosophical Topics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  49. Geertz C. 2001. School building: a retrospective preface. In Schools of Thought: Twenty-five Years of Interpretive Social Science, ed. JW Scott, D Keates 1–11 Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press
  50. Geertz C, Geertz H, Rosen L. 1979. Meaning and Order in Moroccan Society. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  51. Gellner E. 1983. Nations and Nationalism. Oxford: Basil Blackwell [Google Scholar]
  52. Gellner E. 1992. Postmodernism, Reason, and Religion. New York: Routledge [Google Scholar]
  53. Gluckman M. 1963. Order and Rebellion in Tribal Africa, Collected Essays. Glencoe, IL: Free Press [Google Scholar]
  54. Goody J. 1977. The Domestication of the Savage Mind. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  55. Gorer G. 1948. The American People: a Study in National Character. New York: Norton [Google Scholar]
  56. Gorer G. 1955. Exploring English Character. London: Cresset [Google Scholar]
  57. Gorer G, Rickman J. 1963. The People of Great Russia, a Psychological Study. London: Cresset [Google Scholar]
  58. Greenblatt SJ. 1980. Renaissance Self-Fashioning: From More to Shakespeare. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press [Google Scholar]
  59. Guha R. ed 1982. Subaltern Studies: Writings on South Asian History and Society. New York: Oxford Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  60. Gumperz JJ, Hymes D. eds 1964. The Ethnography of Communication. Washington, DC: Am. Anthropol. Assoc [Google Scholar]
  61. Habermas J. 1972. Knowledge and Human Interests. Boston: Beacon [Google Scholar]
  62. Hallowell AI. 1955. Culture and Experience. Phila.: Univ. Penn. Press [Google Scholar]
  63. Harris M. 1979. Cultural Materialism: the Struggle for a Science of Culture. New York: Random House [Google Scholar]
  64. Harvey D. 1989. The Condition of Post Modernity. Cambridge, UK: Blackwell [Google Scholar]
  65. Homans G. 1950. The Human Group. New York: Harcourt-Brace [Google Scholar]
  66. Hymes DH. ed 1972. Reinventing Anthropology. New York: Pantheon [Google Scholar]
  67. Inkeles A. 1950. Public Opinion in Soviet Russia: a Study of Mass Persuasion. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  68. Jakobson R. 1952. Preliminaries to Speech Analysis: the Distinctive Features and Their Correlates. Cambridge: MIT Acoust. Libr. Tech. Rep. No. 13 [Google Scholar]
  69. Kahin GMcT. 1956. The Asian African Conference, Bandung, Indonesia, April 1958. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  70. Kardiner A, Linton R. 1939. The Individual and His Society: the Psychodynamics of Primitive Social Organization. New York: Columbia Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  71. Kelly JD. 1991. The Politics of Virtue: Hinduism, Sexuality, and Counter Colonial Discourse in Fiji. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press [Google Scholar]
  72. Kemper S. 2001. Buying and Believing: Sri Lankan Advertising and Consumers in a Transnational World. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press [Google Scholar]
  73. Klitgaard R. 1990. Tropical Gangsters. New York: Basic Books [Google Scholar]
  74. Kluckhohn C. 1949. Mirror for Man: the Relation of Anthropology to Modern Life. New York: McGraw-Hill [Google Scholar]
  75. Kluckhohn C. 1951. Project on the Soviet Social System. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Russ. Res. Cent [Google Scholar]
  76. Kluckhohn C. 1962. Culture and Behavior: Collected Essays, ed. R Kluckhohn. New York: Free Press
  77. Kluckhohn C, Murray HA, Schneider DM. 1949. Personality in Nature, Society, and Culture. New York: Knopf [Google Scholar]
  78. Kluckhohn FR, Strodtbeck F. 1961. Variations in Value Orientations. Evanston, IL: Northwestern Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  79. Kroeber AL, Kluckhohn C. 1952. Culture: a Critical Review of Concepts and Definitions. Cambridge, MA: Pap. Peabody Mus. Archaeol. Ethnol., Harvard Univ., 57(1 [Google Scholar]
  80. Kuhn TS. 1962. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press [Google Scholar]
  81. Lacan J. 1977. Ecrits, a Selection. New York: Norton [Google Scholar]
  82. Ladd J. 1957. The Structure of a Moral Code: a Philosophical Analysis of Ethical Discourse as Applied to the Ethics of the Navaho Indians. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  83. Latour B, Woolgar S. 1986. Laboratory Life: the Construction of Scientific Facts. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  84. Leach ER. 1974. Culture and Communication. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  85. Leighton DC, Kluckhohn C. 1947. Children of the People: the Navaho Individual and His Development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  86. Le Roy Ladurie E. 1980. Montaillou: Cathars and Catholics in a French Village, 1294–1324. New York: Penguin [Google Scholar]
  87. Lévi-Strauss C. 1963a. Structural Anthropology. New York: Basic Books [Google Scholar]
  88. Lévi-Strauss C. 1963b. Totemism. Boston: Beacon [Google Scholar]
  89. Lévi-Strauss C. 1964–1967. Mythologiques. 4 Vols. Paris: Plon [Google Scholar]
  90. Lévi-Strauss C. 1966. The Savage Mind. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press [Google Scholar]
  91. Levy M. 1960. Modernization and the Structure of Societies: a Setting for International Relations. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  92. Lewis HS. 1998. The misrepresentation of anthropology and its consequences.. Am. Anthropol. 100(3):716–31 [Google Scholar]
  93. Lyotard J-F. 1984. The Post-Modern Condition: a Report on Knowledge. Minneapolis: Univ. Minn. Press [Google Scholar]
  94. Malkki L. 1995. Purity and Exile: Violence, Memory, and National Cosmology Among the Hutu Refugees of Tanzania. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press [Google Scholar]
  95. Marcus G, Fischer M. 1986. Anthropology as Cultural Critique: an Experimental Moment in the Human Sciences. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press [Google Scholar]
  96. McCormack CP, Strathern M. eds 1980. Nature, Culture, and Gender. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  97. Mead M. 1942. And Keep Your Powder Dry: an Anthropologist Looks at America. New York: Norton [Google Scholar]
  98. Mead M, Métraux R. 1953. The Study of Culture at a Distance. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press [Google Scholar]
  99. Mead M, Rickman J. 1951. Soviet Attitudes Toward Authority: an Interdisciplinary Approach to the Study of Soviet Character. NewYork: McGraw-Hill [Google Scholar]
  100. Métraux R, Mead M. 1954. Themes in French Culture. Stanford, CA: Stanford Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  101. Millikan M, Blackmer D. eds 1961. The Emerging Nations: Their Growth and United States Policy. Boston: Little Brown [Google Scholar]
  102. Murray HA. ed 1938. Explorations in Personality: a Clinical Exploratory Study of Fifty Men of College Age. New York: Oxford Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  103. Needham R. 1972. Belief, Language, and Experience. Oxford: Blackwell [Google Scholar]
  104. Newton E. 1979. Mother Camp: Female Impersonators in America. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press [Google Scholar]
  105. Ortner SB, Whitehead H. eds 1981. Sexual Meanings: the Cultural Construction of Sexuality. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  106. Parsons T. 1937. The Structure of Social Action: a Study in Social Theory with Special Reference to a Group of Recent European Writers. New York: McGraw-Hill [Google Scholar]
  107. Parsons T, Shils E. eds 1951. Toward a General Theory of Action. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  108. Piers G, Singer MB. 1953. Shame and Guilt, a Psychoanalytical and a Cultural Study. Springfield, IL: Thomas [Google Scholar]
  109. Pratt ML. 1992. Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation. New York: Routledge [Google Scholar]
  110. Rajagopal A. 2001. Politics After Television: Hindu Nationalism and the Reshaping of the Public in India. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  111. Rappaport RA. 1968. Pigs for the Ancestors: Ritual in the Ecology of a New Guinea People. New Haven, CT: Yale Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  112. Redfield R. 1953. The Primitive World and its Transformations. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  113. Redfield R. 1956. Peasant Society and Culture: an Anthropological Approach to Civilization. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press [Google Scholar]
  114. Ricoeur P. 1981. Hermeneutics and the Human Sciences. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  115. Rosaldo M, Lamphere L. eds 1974. Woman, Culture, and Society. Stanford, CA: Stanford Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  116. Rosaldo R. 1989. Culture and Truth: the Reworking of Social Analysis. Boston: Beacon [Google Scholar]
  117. Rosaldo R. 1997. Cultural citizenship, inequality, and multiculturalism. In Latino Cultural Citizenship: Claiming Identity, Space, and Right, ed. W Flores, R Benmajor 27–33 Boston: Beacon
  118. Rosen L. 1989. The Anthropology of Justice: Law as Culture in Islamic Society. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  119. Rosen L. 2000. The Justice of Islam: Comparative Perspectives of Islamic Law and Society. Oxford, UK: Oxford Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  120. Sahlins M. 1981. Historical Metaphors and Mythical Realities: Structure in the Early History of the Sandwich Islands. Ann Arbor: Univ. Mich. Press [Google Scholar]
  121. Said EW. 1978. Orientalism. New York: Pantheon [Google Scholar]
  122. Sapir E. 1949. Culture, Language, and Personality. Berkeley: Univ. Calif. Press [Google Scholar]
  123. Sapir JD, Crocker JC. eds 1977. The Social Use of Metaphor: Essays on the Anthropology of Rhetoric. Phila.: Univ. Penn. Press [Google Scholar]
  124. Schneider DM. 1968. American Kinship: a Cultural Account. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall [Google Scholar]
  125. Service ER. 1971. Cultural Evolutionism: Theory and Practice. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston [Google Scholar]
  126. Singer M. 1956. Traditional India, Structure and Change. Phila.: Am. Folklore Soc [Google Scholar]
  127. Smith W, Roberts JM. 1954. Zuni Law: a Field of Values. Cambridge, MA: Pap. Peabody Mus. Archaeol. Ethnol., Harvard Univ., 43(1 [Google Scholar]
  128. Steward JH. 1950. Area Research: Theory and Practice. New York: Soc. Sci. Res. Counc [Google Scholar]
  129. Steward JH. 1957. Theory of Culture Change: the Methodology of Multilinear Evolution. Urbana: Univ. Ill. Press [Google Scholar]
  130. Steward JH, Manners R, Wolf ER, Padilla Seda E, Mintz SW. et al. 1956. The People of Puerto Rico. Urbana: Univ. Ill Press [Google Scholar]
  131. Stocking GW. n.d “From the Paleolithic to Palo Alto,” “The Boom Years,” “Untying the Sacred Bundle,” cases 19, 20, 2l.. http://anthropology.uchicago.edu/about.html
  132. Stouffer SA. ed 1949. The American Soldier. 4 Vols. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  133. Tambiah SJ. 1986. Sri Lanka: Ethnic Fratricide and the Dismantling of Democracy. Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press [Google Scholar]
  134. Tawney RH. 1947. Religion and the Rise of Capitalism: a Historical Study. New York: Harcourt-Brace [Google Scholar]
  135. Tedlock D. 1983. The Spoken Word and the Work of Interpretation. Phila.: Univ. Penn. Press [Google Scholar]
  136. Tolman EC. 1958. Essays in Motivation and Learning. Berkeley: Univ. Calif. Press [Google Scholar]
  137. Traweek S. 1988. Beamtimes and Lifetimes. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  138. Turner VW. 1957. Schism and Continuity in an African Society. Manchester, UK: Manchester Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  139. Turner VW, Bruner E. eds 1986. The Anthropology of Experience. Urbana: Univ. Ill Press [Google Scholar]
  140. Tyler SA. ed 1969. Cognitive Anthropology: Readings. New York: Rinehart & Winston [Google Scholar]
  141. Vogt EZ. 1955. Modern Homesteaders. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  142. Vogt EZ, Albert EM. eds 1966. People of Rimrock: a Study of Values in Five Cultures. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  143. Wallace AFC. 1970. Culture and Personality. New York: Random House [Google Scholar]
  144. Weber M. 1947. The Theory of Social and Economic Organization. Glencoe, IL: Free Press [Google Scholar]
  145. Weber M. 1950a. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. New York: Scribner [Google Scholar]
  146. Weber M. 1950b. General Economic History. Glencoe, IL: Free Press [Google Scholar]
  147. Weber M. 1965. The Sociology of Religion. Boston: Beacon [Google Scholar]
  148. Weiner AB. 1976. Women of Value, Men of Renown: New Perspectives in Trobriand Exchange. Austin: Univ. Tex. Press [Google Scholar]
  149. Whiting BB, Whiting J. 1975. Children of Six Cultures: a Psycho-Cultural Analysis. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  150. Wiener N. 1962. Cybernetics; or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press [Google Scholar]
  151. Wolf ER. 1982. Europe and the People Without History. Berkeley: Univ. Calif. Press [Google Scholar]
  152. Wright R. 1995. The Color Curtain: a Report on the Bandung Conference. Jackson: Univ. Press Miss [Google Scholar]
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.anthro.31.040402.085449
Loading
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.anthro.31.040402.085449
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error