1932

Abstract

Transgenic and eugenic animals as small as 30 g can be studied noninvasively by radionuclides with resolutions of 1–2 mm, by MRI with resolution of 100 μm and by light fluorescence and bioluminescence with high sensitivities. The technologies of radionuclide emission, magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, optical tomography, optical fluorescence and optical bioluminescence are currently being applied to small-animal studies. These technologies and examples of their applications are reviewed in this chapter.

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/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.bioeng.1.1.611
1999-08-01
2024-06-16
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  • Article Type: Review Article
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