Cryosurgery is a surgical technique that employs freezing to destroy undesirable tissue. Developed first in the middle of the nineteenth century it has recently incorporated new imaging technologies and is a fast growing minimally invasive surgical technique. A historical review of the field of cryosurgery is presented, showing how technological advances have affected the development of the field. This is followed by a more in-depth survey of two important topics in cryosurgery: () the biochemical and biophysical mechanisms of tissue destruction during cryosurgery and () monitoring and imaging techniques for cryosurgery.


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  • Article Type: Review Article
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