In this chapter, we review the structure and composition of interphase and mitotic chromosomes. We discuss how these observations support the model that mitotic condensation is a deterministic process leading to the invariant folding of a given chromosome. The structural studies have also placed constraints on the mechanism of condensation and defined several activities needed to mediate condensation. In the context of these activities and structural information, we present our current understanding of the role of sites, histones, topoisomerase II, and SMC proteins in condensation. We conclude by using our current knowledge of mitotic condensation to address the differences in chromosome condensation observed from bacteria to humans and to explore the relevance of this process to other processes such as gene expression.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error