Cells monitor the physiological load placed on their endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and respond to perturbations in ER function by a process known as the unfolded protein response (UPR). In metazoans the UPR has a transcriptional component that up-regulates expression of genes that enhance the capacity of the organelle to deal with the load of client proteins and a translational component that insures tight coupling between protein biosynthesis on the cytoplasmic side and folding in the ER lumen. Together, these two components adapt the secretory apparatus to physiological load and protect cells from the consequences of protein malfolding.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error