Animal shape and size is controlled with amazing precision during development. External factors such as nutrient availability and crowding can alter overall animal size, but individual body parts scale reproducibly to match the body even with challenges from a changing environment. How is such precision achieved? Here, we review selected research from the last few years in —arguably the premier genetic model for the study of animal growth—that sheds light on how body and tissue size are regulated by forces intrinsic to individual organs. We focus on two topics currently under intense study: the influence of pattern regulators on organ and tissue growth and the role of local competitive interactions between cells in tissue homeostasis and final size.


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  • Article Type: Review Article
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