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Abstract

▪ Abstract 

Various forms of atmospheric moist convection are reviewed through a consideration of three prevalent regimes: stratocumulus; trade-wind; and deep, precipitating, maritime convection. These regimes are chosen because they are structural components of the general circulation of the atmosphere and because they highlight distinguishing features of this polymorphous phenomenon. In particular, the ways in which varied forms of moist convection communicate with remote parts of the flow through mechanisms other than the rearrangement of fluid parcels are emphasized. These include radiative, gravity wave, and/or microphysical (precipitation) processes. For each regime, basic aspects of its phenomenology are presented along with theoretical frameworks that have arisen to help rationalize the phenomenology. Recent developments suggest that the increased capacity for numerical simulation and increasingly refined remote sensing capabilities bodes well for major advances in the coming years.

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/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.earth.33.092203.122658
2005-05-19
2024-04-24
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  • Article Type: Review Article
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