▪ Abstract 

Throughout its long evolutionary history, the Dopa decarboxylase gene () has acquired a variety of functions in insects. The enzyme (DDC) catalyzes the production of the neural transmitters dopamine and serotonin. Not surprisingly, evidence of the enzyme's involvement in the behavior of insects is beginning to accumulate. In addition, DDC plays a role in wound healing, parasite defense, pigmentation, and cuticle hardening. A high degree of sequence conservation has allowed comparisons of the -coding regions from various insects, facilitating a number of recent studies on insect systematics. This review outlines the diverse functions of and illustrates how studies of this model system address many questions on insect neurobiology, developmental biology, and systematics.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error