This article presents an account of the development of Geoffrey Scudder's interest in entomology, with an emphasis on threads and serendipity. Early interests in Hemiptera, insect dispersal, evolution, and chemical ecology were followed by research on insect genitalia and seed bug systematics while at Oxford University. A faculty appointment in Canada led to research on water boatmen, water striders, cardenolides, faunistics, biodiversity, and habitat restoration. Since retirement, activities have diversified to include biodiversity mapping, conservation planning, and enhancing raised-bog integrity.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Literature Cited

  1. Acton AB, Scudder GGE. 1.  1969. The ultrastructure of the flight muscle polymorphism in Cenocorixa bifida (Hung) (Heteroptera, Corixidae).. Z. Morphol. Tiere 65:327–35 [Google Scholar]
  2. Atwood LB, Scudder GGE. 2.  2003. Experimental ecological restoration in the South Okanagan shrub-steppe. Proc. Ecosyst. Risk: Antelope-Brush Restor., March 28–30 2003, Osoyoos, British Columbia, Canada, ed. R Seaton, pp. 1–12. New Westminster, BC: Soc. Ecol. Restor. [Google Scholar]
  3. Bennett AMR, Scudder GGE. 3.  1998. Differences in attachment of water mites on water boatmen: further evidence of differential parasitism and possible exclusion of a host from part of its potential range. Can. J. Zool. 76:824–34 [Google Scholar]
  4. Brower LP, Brower JVZ. 4.  1964. Birds, butterflies, and plant poisons: a study in ecological chemistry. Zoologica 49:137–59 [Google Scholar]
  5. Brumwell LJ, Craig KG, Scudder GGE. 5.  1998. Litter spiders and carabid beetles in a successional Douglas-fir forest in British Columbia. Northwest Sci. 72:94–95 [Google Scholar]
  6. Cannings RA. 6.  2006. Geoffrey G. E Scudder: zoologist, conservationist, educator. Can. Entomol. 138:4ix–xix [Google Scholar]
  7. Cannings RA, Cannings SG. 7.  1987. The Odonata of some saline lakes in British Columbia, Canada: ecological distribution and biogeography. Adv. Odonatol. 3:7–12 [Google Scholar]
  8. Cannings RA, Scudder GGE. 8.  1978. The littoral Chironomidae (Diptera) of saline lakes in central British Columbia. Can. J. Zool. 56:1144–55 [Google Scholar]
  9. Cannings RA, Scudder GGE. 9.  1979. Phenology of Chironomus spp. in saline lakes in central British Columbia. Verh. Int. Ver. Limnol. 20:2641–46 [Google Scholar]
  10. Cannings RA, Scudder GGE. 10.  2001. An overview of systematics studies concerning the insect fauna of British Columbia. J. Entomol. Soc. B.C. 98:33–59 [Google Scholar]
  11. Cannings SG. 11.  1978. Successful rearing of Cenocorixa expleta (Uhler) (Hemiptera: Corixidae) in freshwater. Can. Entomol. 110:559 [Google Scholar]
  12. Cannings SG. 12.  1981. The influence of salinity on the cuticular permeability of Cenocorixa bifida hungerfordi Lansbury (Hemiptera: Corixidae). Can. J. Zool. 59:1505–9 [Google Scholar]
  13. Cannings SG, Cooper PD, Scudder GGE. 13.  1988. Effect of temperature on rate of water loss in some water boatmen (Hemiptera: Corixidae). Can. J. Zool. 66:1877–83 [Google Scholar]
  14. Cooper PD, Scudder GGE, Quamme GE. 14.  1987. Ion and CO2 regulation in the freshwater water boatman, Cenocorixa blaisdelli (Hung.) (Hemiptera, Corixidae). Physiol. Zool. 60:465–71 [Google Scholar]
  15. Cooper PD, Scudder GGE, Quamme GE. 15.  1988. Changes in fluid and ion secretion following stimulation in isolated Malpighian tubules of the water boatman, Cenocorixa blaisdelli (Hung.) (Hemiptera, Corixidae). J. Insect Physiol. 34:79–83 [Google Scholar]
  16. Cooper PD, Scudder GGE, Quamme GA. 16.  1989. Segmental differences in secretion by the Malpighian tubules of the fresh water dwelling corixid, Cenocorixa blaisdelli (Hung.) (Corixidae, Hemiptera). J. Insect Physiol. 35:531–36 [Google Scholar]
  17. Danks HV. 17.  1979. Canada and Its Insect Fauna Vol. 108, Mem. Entomol. Soc. Can. Ottawa: Biol. Survey Can. (Terr. Arthropods). 573 pp. [Google Scholar]
  18. 18.  Danks HV, Downes JA. 1997. Insects of the Yukon Ottawa: Biol. Survey Can. (Terr. Arthropods). 1034 pp. [Google Scholar]
  19. Duffey SS, Blum MS, Isman MB, Scudder GGE. 19.  1978. Cardiac glycosides, a physical system for their sequestration by the milkweed bug. J. Insect Physiol. 24:639–45 [Google Scholar]
  20. Duffey SS, Scudder GGE. 20.  1972. Cardiac glycosides in North American Asclepiadaceae, a basis for unpalatability in brightly coloured Hemiptera and Coleoptera. J. Insect Physiol. 18:63–78 [Google Scholar]
  21. Duffey SS, Scudder GGE. 21.  1974. Cardiac glycosides in Oncopeltus fasciatus (Dallas) (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae). I. The uptake and distribution of natural cardenolides in the body. Can. J. Zool. 52:283–90 [Google Scholar]
  22. Dyer O, Lea T, Richardson H, Scudder G, Warman L. 22.  2004. Setting conservation targets in the South Okanagan. Proc. Species Risk 2004 Pathw. Recovery Conf., March 2–6, 2004, Victoria, B.C., ed. TD Hooper. Victoria, BC: Species Risk 2004 Pathw. Recovery Conf. Org. Comm. 2 pp. http://www.llbc.leg.bc.ca/Public/PubDocs/bcdocs/400484/
  23. 23. Environ. Canada. 1995. Canadian Biodiversity Strategy: Canada's Response to the Convention on Biological Diversity. Ottawa: Minist. Supply Serv. Can. 77 pp.
  24. Haine E.24.  1955. Beobachtungen über das Flugstartverhalten und die Dauer der Flugfähigkeit der Männchen von Periphyllus aceris acericola Wlk. Anz. Schädl. 28:67–70 [Google Scholar]
  25. Isman MB. 25.  1977. Dietary influence of cardenolides on larval growth and development of the milkweed bug Oncopeltus fasciatus. J. Insect Physiol. 23:1183–87 [Google Scholar]
  26. Isman MB, Duffey SS, Scudder GGE. 26.  1977. Cardenolide content of some leaf- and stem-feeding insects on temperate North American milkweeds (Asclepias spp.). Can. J. Zool. 55:1024–28 [Google Scholar]
  27. Jamieson GS, Scudder GGE. 27.  1977. Food consumption in Gerris (Hemiptera). Oecologia 30:23–41 [Google Scholar]
  28. Jamieson GS, Scudder GGE. 28.  1979. Predation in Gerris (Hemiptera): reactive distances and locomotion rates. Oecologia 44:13–20 [Google Scholar]
  29. Jansson A. 29.  1973. Stridulation and its significance in the genus Cenocorixa (Hemiptera, Corixidae). Behaviour 46:1–36 [Google Scholar]
  30. Jansson A, Scudder GGE. 30.  1972. Corixidae (Hemiptera) as predators: rearing on frozen brine shrimp. J. Entomol. Soc. B.C. 69:44–45 [Google Scholar]
  31. Jansson A, Scudder GGE. 31.  1974. The life cycle and sexual development of Cenocorixa species (Hemiptera, Corixidae) in the Pacific Northwest of North America. Freshw. Biol. 4:73–92 [Google Scholar]
  32. Jarial MS, Scudder GGE. 32.  1970. The morphology and ultrastructure of the Malpighian tubules and hindgut in Cenocorixa bifida (Hung.) (Hemiptera, Corixidae). Z. Morphol. Tiere 68:269–99 [Google Scholar]
  33. Jarial MS, Scudder GGE. 33.  1971. Neurosecretions and water balance in Cenocorixa bifida (Hung.) (Hemiptera, Corixidae).. Can. J. Zool. 49:1369–75 [Google Scholar]
  34. Jarial MS, Scudder GGE, Teraguchi S. 34.  1969. Observations on the labium of Corixidae (Hemiptera). Can. J. Zool. 47:713–15 [Google Scholar]
  35. Johnson B. 35.  1957. Studies on the degeneration of the flight muscles of alate aphids. I. A comparative study of the occurrence of muscle breakdown in relation to reproduction in several species. J. Insect Physiol. 1:248–56 [Google Scholar]
  36. Johnson B. 36.  1959. Studies on the degeneration of the flight muscles of alate aphids. II. Histology and control of muscle breakdown. J. Insect Physiol. 3:367–77 [Google Scholar]
  37. Johnson CG. 37.  1952. A new approach to the problem of the spread of aphids and to insect trapping. Nature 170:147 [Google Scholar]
  38. Johnson CG. 38.  1954. Aphid migration in relation to weather. Biol. Rev. 29:87–118 [Google Scholar]
  39. Jones JRE. 39.  1940. A study of the zinc-polluted River Yswyth in North Cardiganshire, Wales. Ann. Appl. Biol. 27:368–78 [Google Scholar]
  40. Jones JRE. 40.  1940. The fauna of the River Melindwr, a lead polluted tributary of the River Rheidol in North Cardiganshire, Wales. J. Anim. Ecol. 9:188–201 [Google Scholar]
  41. Kettlewell HBD. 41.  1955. How industrialization can alter species. Discovery 16:507–11 [Google Scholar]
  42. Kettlewell HBD. 42.  1959. Darwin's missing evidence. Sci. Am. 200:348–53 [Google Scholar]
  43. Kettlewell HBD. 43.  1961. The phenomenon of industrial melanism in Lepidoptera. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 6:245–62 [Google Scholar]
  44. Lancaster J, Scudder GGE. 44.  1987. Aquatic Coleoptera and Hemiptera in some Canadian saline lakes: patterns in community structure. Can. J. Zool. 65:1383–90 [Google Scholar]
  45. Leston D. 45.  1957. The stridulatory mechanisms in terrestrial species of Hemiptera Heteroptera. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 128:369–86 [Google Scholar]
  46. Macan TT. 46.  1954. A contribution to the study of the ecology of Corixidae (Hemipt.). J. Anim. Ecol. 23:115–41 [Google Scholar]
  47. Macan TT. 47.  1957. Chemical analysis in ecology illustrated from Lake District tarns and lakes. Proc. Linn. Soc. London 167:172–75 [Google Scholar]
  48. Macan TT. 48.  1962. Why do some pieces of water have more species of Corixidae than others?. Arch. Hydrobiol. 58:224–32 [Google Scholar]
  49. Manton SM. 49.  1972. The evolution of arthropodan locomotory mechanisms. Part 10. Locomotory habits, morphology and evolution of the hexapod classes. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 51:203–400 [Google Scholar]
  50. Marshall GAK. 50.  1902. Five years’ observations and experiments (1896–1901) on the bionomics of South African insects, chiefly directed to the investigation of mimicry and warning colours. Trans. Entomol. Soc. London 1902:287–584 [Google Scholar]
  51. Massee AM. 51.  1955. The county distribution of the British Hemiptera-Heteroptera. Second edition. Entomol. Mon. Mag. 91:7–27 [Google Scholar]
  52. Maw HEL, Foottit RG, Hamilton KGA, Scudder GGE. 52.  2000. Checklist of the Hemiptera of Canada and Alaska. Ottawa: NRC Press. 217 pp.
  53. Meredith J, Moore L, Scudder GGE. 53.  1984. The excretion of ouabain by the Malpighian tubules of Oncopeltus fasciatus. Am. J. Physiol. 246:R705–15 [Google Scholar]
  54. Michener CD. 54.  2007. The professional development of an entomologist. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 52:1–15 [Google Scholar]
  55. Moore LV, Scudder GGE. 55.  1985. Ouabain-resistant Na, K-ATPase and cardenolides tolerance in the large milkweed bug, Oncopeltus fasciatus. J. Insect Physiol. 32:27–33 [Google Scholar]
  56. Moore LV, Scudder GGE. 56.  1985. Selective sequestration of milkweed (Asclepias sp.) cardenolides in Oncopeltus fasciatus (Dallas) (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 11:667–87 [Google Scholar]
  57. Nummelin M, Vepsäläinen K, Spence JR. 57.  1984. Habitat partitioning among developmental stages of waterstriders (Heteroptera: Gerridae). Oikos 42:267–75 [Google Scholar]
  58. Oloffs PC, Scudder GGE. 58.  1966. The transition phenomenon in relation to the penetration of water through the cuticle of an insect, Cenocorixa expleta (Uhler). Can. J. Zool. 44:621–30 [Google Scholar]
  59. Reynolds JD. 59.  1975. Feeding in corixids (Heteroptera) of small alkaline lakes in central B.C. Verh. Int. Ver. Limnol. 19:3073–78 [Google Scholar]
  60. Reynolds JD. 60.  1979. Crustacean zooplankton of some saline lakes of central British Columbia. Syesis 12:169–73 [Google Scholar]
  61. Reynolds JD, Reynolds SCP. 61.  1975. Aquatic angiosperms of some British Columbia saline lakes. Syesis 8:291–95 [Google Scholar]
  62. Reynolds JD, Scudder GGE. 62.  1987. Experimental evidence of the fundamental feeding niche in Cenocorixa (Hemiptera: Corixidae).. Can. J. Zool. 65:967–73 [Google Scholar]
  63. Reynolds JD, Scudder GGE. 63.  1987. Serological evidence of realized feeding niche in Cenocorixa species (Hemiptera: Corixidae) in sympatry and allopatry. Can. J. Zool. 65:974–80 [Google Scholar]
  64. Rowe L, Scudder GGE. 64.  1990. Reproductive rate and longevity in the waterstrider, Gerris buenoi. Can. J. Zool. 68:399–402 [Google Scholar]
  65. R. Soc. Can. 65.  1995. Looking ahead: long-term ecological research and monitoring in Canada. Final report of the long-term ecological research and monitoring panel of the Canadian global change program. Tech. Rep. No. 95–1:43, Can. Glob. Change Prog.
  66. Scudder GGE.66.  1952. A moss community. Bull. Amat. Entomol. Soc. 11:13734–35 [Google Scholar]
  67. Scudder GGE.66.  1952. Stick insects. Bull. Amat. Entomol. Soc. 11:13518 [Google Scholar]
  68. Scudder GGE. 68.  1956. A contribution to a survey of the distribution of the Hemiptera-Heteroptera of Wales. Entomol. Mon. Mag. 92:54–64 [Google Scholar]
  69. Scudder GGE. 69.  1956. A revision of the genus Appolonius Distant (Hem., Lygaeidae) with a new species from south Sudan. Entomol. Mon. Mag. 92:359–60 [Google Scholar]
  70. Scudder GGE.70.  1956. Insects recorded from Tregaron Bog Nature Reserve, Cardiganshire. Entomol. Mon. Mag. 92:221–25 [Google Scholar]
  71. Scudder GGE. 71.  1957. Re-interpretation of some basal structures in the insect ovipositor. Nature 180:340–41 [Google Scholar]
  72. Scudder GGE. 72.  1957. The higher classification of the Rhyparochrominae (Hem., Lygaeidae). Entomol. Mon. Mag. 93:152–56 [Google Scholar]
  73. Scudder GGE. 73.  1959. The female genitalia of the Heteroptera: morphology and bearing on classification. Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. London 111:405–67 [Google Scholar]
  74. Scudder GGE. 74.  1961. The comparative morphology of the insect ovipositor. Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. London 113:25–40 [Google Scholar]
  75. Scudder GGE. 75.  1961. The functional morphology and interpretation of the insect ovipositor. Can. Entomol. 93:267–72 [Google Scholar]
  76. Scudder GGE. 76.  1962. New Heterogastrinae (Hemiptera) with a key to the genera of the world. Opusc. Entomol. 27:117–27 [Google Scholar]
  77. Scudder GGE. 77.  1962. Results of the Royal Society Expedition to Southern Chile, 1958–59; Lygaeidae (Hemiptera), with the description of a new subfamily. Can. Entomol. 94:1064–75 [Google Scholar]
  78. Scudder GGE. 78.  1962. The Ischnorhynchinae of the world (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae). Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. London 114:163–94 [Google Scholar]
  79. Scudder GGE.79.  1963. Heteroptera stranded at high altitudes in the Pacific Northwest. Proc. Entomol. Soc. B.C. 60:41–44 [Google Scholar]
  80. Scudder GGE. 80.  1964. Wing muscle polymorphism in Cenocorixa. Am. Zool. 4:248 [Google Scholar]
  81. Scudder GGE. 80.  1968. Air-borne Lygaeidae (Hemiptera) trapped over the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans, with the description of a new species of Appolonius Distant. Pac. Insects 10:155–60 [Google Scholar]
  82. Scudder GGE. 82.  1969. The distribution of two species of Cenocorixa in inland saline lakes of British Columbia. J. Entomol. Soc. B.C. 66:32–41 [Google Scholar]
  83. Scudder GGE.83.  1969. The fauna of saline lakes on the Fraser Plateau in British Columbia. Verh. Int. Ver. Limnol. 17:430–39 [Google Scholar]
  84. Scudder GGE. 84.  1971. Comparative morphology of insect genitalia. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 16:379–406 [Google Scholar]
  85. Scudder GGE. 85.  1971. The postembryonic development of the indirect flight muscles in Cenocorixa bifida (Hung.) (Hemiptera: Corixidae). Can. J. Zool. 49:1387–98 [Google Scholar]
  86. Scudder GGE. 86.  1975. Field studies on the flight muscle polymorphism in Cenocorixa (Hemiptera: Corixidae).. Verh. Int. Ver. Limnol. 19:3064–72 [Google Scholar]
  87. Scudder GGE.87.  1975. Flight activity of Lygaeidae (Hemiptera) in the Pacific and the possibility of offshore dispersal. Proc. 15th Pacif. Sci. Congr. 1:303–4 [Google Scholar]
  88. Scudder GGE. 88.  1980. The Osoyoos-arid biotic area. Threatened and Endangered Species and Habitats in British Columbia and the Yukon ed. R Stace-Smith, L Johns, P Joslin, pp 49–55. Victoria, BC: Fish Wildl. Branch, B.C. Minist. Environ. [Google Scholar]
  89. Scudder GGE. 89.  1983. A review of factors governing the distribution of two closely related corixids in the saline lakes of British Columbia. Hydrobiologia 105:143–54 [Google Scholar]
  90. Scudder GGE. 90.  1987. Aquatic and semiaquatic Hemiptera of peatlands and marshes in Canada. Mem. Entomol. Soc. Can. 140:65–98 [Google Scholar]
  91. Scudder GGE. 91.  1992. Threatened and endangered invertebrates of the South Okanagan. Community Action for Endangered Species: A Public Symposium on B.C.'s Threatened and Endangered Species and Their Habitat S Rautio, pp. 47–58. Vancouver, BC: Fed. B.C. Nat. Northwest Wildl. Preserv. Soc. [Google Scholar]
  92. Scudder GGE. 92.  1994. An annotated systematic list of the potentially rare and endangered freshwater and terrestrial invertebrates in British Columbia. Occas. Pap. Entomol. Soc. B.C. Vol. 2. 92 pp.
  93. Scudder GGE. 93.  1996. Terrestrial and freshwater invertebrates of British Columbia: priorities for inventory and descriptive research. Work. Pap. 09:206, Res. Br., B.C., Min. For. & Wildlife Br., B.C. Minist. Environ. Lands & Parks, Victoria, B.C. [Google Scholar]
  94. Scudder GGE. 94.  1996. The Protected Areas Strategy and biodiversity conservation. The Wilderness Vision for British Columbia: Proceedings from a Colloquium on Completing British Columbia's Protected Area System, Vancouver, B.C., March 1994 S Jessen, pp 99–101. Vancouver, BC: Can. Parks Wilderness Soc. [Google Scholar]
  95. Scudder GGE. 95.  1998. Biodiversity conservation. Habitat Atlas for Wildlife at Risk: South Okanagan and Lower Similkameen96–104 Victoria, Can: B.C. Minist. Environ., Lands & Parks [Google Scholar]
  96. Scudder GGE. 96.  2000. Arthropod species at risk, and livestock grazing in the South Okanagan of British Columbia. Arthropods Can. Grassl. 7:15–20 [Google Scholar]
  97. Scudder GGE. 97.  2000. Species at risk, conversation strategies, and ecological integrity. At Risk. Proceedings of a Conference on the Biology and Management of Species and Habitats at Risk, Kamloops, B.C., 15–19 Feb. 1999, Vol. 1, ed. LM Darling, pp. 1–12. Victoria/Kamloops, BC: B.C. Minist. Environ., Lands & Parks/Univ. College of the Cariboo
  98. Scudder GGE. 98.  2001. Aerial fallout on a grassland reserve after fire. Arthropod Can. Grassl. 7:15–19 [Google Scholar]
  99. Scudder GGE. 99.  2004. Rarity and richness hotspots in British Columbia. Proc. Species Risk 2004 Pathw. Recovery Conf., March 2–6 2004, Victoria, B.C., ed. TD Hopper. Victoria, BC: Species Risk 2004 Pathw. Recovery Conf. Org. Comm. 6 pp. http://www.llbc.leg.bc.ca/Public/PubDocs/bcdocs/400484/ [Google Scholar]
  100. Scudder GGE, Duffey SS. 100.  1972. Cardiac glycosides in the Lygaeinae (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae). Can. J. Zool. 50:35–42 [Google Scholar]
  101. Scudder GGE, Foottit RG. 101.  2006. Alien true bugs (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) in Canada: composition and adaptations. Can. Entomol. 138:24–51 [Google Scholar]
  102. 102.  Scudder GGE, Gessler N. 1989. The Outer Shores. Proceedings of the Queen Charlotte Islands International Symposium, Vancouver, 21–24 August 1984. Skidate, BC: Queen Charlotte Mus.
  103. Scudder GGE, Jarial MS, Choy SK. 103.  1972. Osmotic and ionic balance in two species of Cenocorixa (Hemiptera). J. Insect Physiol. 18:883–95 [Google Scholar]
  104. Scudder GGE, Mann KH. 104.  1969. The leeches of some lakes in the Southern Interior Plateau region of British Columbia. Syesis 1:203–9 [Google Scholar]
  105. Scudder GGE, Meredith J. 105.  1972. Temperature-induced development in the indirect flight muscle of adult Cenocorixa (Hemiptera: Corixidae). Dev. Biol. 29:330–36 [Google Scholar]
  106. Scudder GGE, Meredith J. 106.  1982. Morphological basis of cardiac glycoside sequestration by Oncopeltus fasciatus (Dallas) (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae). Zoomorphology 99:87–101 [Google Scholar]
  107. Scudder GGE, Meredith J. 107.  1982. The permeability of the midgut of three insects to cardiac glycosides. J. Insect Physiol. 28:689–94 [Google Scholar]
  108. Scudder GGE, Moore LV, Isman MB. 108.  1986. Sequestration of cardenolides in Oncopeltus fasciatus: morphological and physiological adaptations. J. Chem. Ecol. 12:1171–87 [Google Scholar]
  109. Scudder GGE, Needham KM, Kenner RD, Cannings RA, Cannings SG. 109.  2001. Aquatic insects in British Columbia: 100 years of study. J. Entomol. Soc. B.C. 98:61–81 [Google Scholar]
  110. Scudder GGE, Warman LD. 110.  2004. Biodiversity conservation and protected areas in British Columbia. Proc. Species Risk 2004 Pathw. Recovery Conf., March 2–6 2004, Victoria, B.C., ed. TD Hooper. Victoria, BC: Species Risk 2004 Pathw. Recovery Conf. Org. Comm. 1 p. http://www.llbc.leg.bc.ca/Public/PubDocs/bcdocs/400484/ [Google Scholar]
  111. Sheppard PM. 111.  1959. The evolution of mimicry: a problem in ecology and genetics. Cold Spring Harb. Symp. Quant. Biol. 24:131–40 [Google Scholar]
  112. Snodgrass RE. 112.  1933. Morphology of the insect abdomen. Part II. The genital ducts and the ovipositor. Smithson. Misc. Collect. 89:8148 [Google Scholar]
  113. Southwood TRE. 113.  1953. The morphology and taxonomy of the genus Orthotylus Fieber (Hem., Miridae) with special reference to the British species. Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. London 104:415–49 [Google Scholar]
  114. Southwood TRE. 114.  1960. The flight activity of Heteroptera. Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. London 112:173–220 [Google Scholar]
  115. Southwood TRE, Scudder GGE. 115.  1956. The bionomics and immature stages of the thistle lace bugs (Tingis ampliata H.-S. and T. cardui L.: Hem., Tingidae).. Trans. Soc. Br. Entomol. 12:93–112 [Google Scholar]
  116. Southwood TRE, Scudder GGE. 116.  1956. The immature stages of the Hemiptera-Heteroptera associated with the stinging nettle (Urtica dioica L.). Entomol. Mon. Mag. 92:313–25 [Google Scholar]
  117. Spence JR. 117.  1981. Experimental analysis of microhabitat selection in water-striders (Heteroptera: Gerridae). Ecology 63:1505–14 [Google Scholar]
  118. Spence JR. 118.  1983. Pattern and process in coexistence of water-striders. J. Anim. Ecol. 52:497–511 [Google Scholar]
  119. Spence JR, Scudder GGE. 119.  1980. Habitats, life cycles, and guild structure among water striders (Heteroptera: Gerridae) on the Fraser Plateau of British Columbia. Can. Entomol. 112:779–92 [Google Scholar]
  120. Spence JR, Spence DH, Scudder GGE. 120.  1980. The effects of temperature on growth and development of water strider species (Heteroptera: Gerridae) of central British Columbia and implications for species packing. Can. J. Zool. 58:1813–20 [Google Scholar]
  121. Szibbo CM, Scudder GGE. 121.  1979. Secretory activity of the segmented Malpighian tubules of Cenocorixa bifida (Hung.) (Hemiptera, Corixidae). J. Insect Physiol. 25:931–37 [Google Scholar]
  122. Topping MS. 122.  1971. Ecology of larvae of Chironomus tentans (Diptera: Chironomidae) in saline lakes in central British Columbia. Can. Entomol. 103:328–38 [Google Scholar]
  123. Topping MS, Acton AB. 123.  1976. Influence of environmental factors on frequencies of certain chromosomal inversions in Chironomus tentans Fabricius. Evolution 30:170–79 [Google Scholar]
  124. Topping MS, Scudder GGE. 124.  1977. Some physical and chemical features of saline lakes in central British Columbia. Syesis 10:145–66 [Google Scholar]
  125. Vickery VR, Scudder GGE. 125.  1998. The Canadian Orthopteroid insects summarized and updated, including a tabular check-list and ecological notes. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Ont. 118:25–45 [Google Scholar]
  126. Warman LD, Sinclair ARE, Scudder GGE, Klinkenberg B, Pressey RL. 126.  2004. Sensitivity of systematic reserve selection to decisions about scale, biological data and targets: a case study from southern British Columbia. Conserv. Biol. 18:655–66 [Google Scholar]
  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error