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Abstract

Fisheries targeting small-to-medium pelagic, so-called forage fish, impact on human food security and marine ecosystems. Because their operations are shrouded by the myth that forage fish are unsuitable for human consumption, the role of these fisheries in intensive food production is not well understood or appreciated. Thus, although they account for over 30% of global landings of marine fish annually, our knowledge of how these levels of removal impact on marine ecosystems is limited. Nevertheless, there is considerable scope for policy makers to change the current management of these fisheries and to enhance their contribution to food security and economic development. Industry and consumers also have an important role in finding the balance between these fisheries contributing to human food security and poverty alleviation on the one hand, and sustaining intensive animal food production systems, especially aquaculture, on the other.

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/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.environ.33.020807.143204
2008-11-21
2024-06-14
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  • Article Type: Review Article
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