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Abstract

▪ Abstract 

The flow in turbomachines is unsteady due to the relative motion of the rows of blades. In the low-pressure turbine, the wakes from the upstream bladerows provide the dominant source of unsteadiness. Because much of the blade-surface boundary-layer flow is laminar, one of the most important consequences of this unsteadiness is the interaction of the wakes with the suction-side boundary layer of a downstream blade. This is important because the blade suction–side boundary layers are responsible for most of the loss of efficiency and because the combined effects of random (wake turbulence) and periodic disturbances (wake velocity defect and pressure fields) cause the otherwise laminar boundary layer to undergo transition and eventually become turbulent. This article summarizes the process of wake-induced boundary-layer transition in low-pressure turbines and the loss generation processes that result. Particular emphasis is placed on how the effects of wakes may be exploited to control loss generation and how this has enabled successful development of ultra-high-lift low-pressure turbines.

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/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.fluid.37.061903.175511
2005-01-21
2024-04-15
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  • Article Type: Review Article
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