is host to the dsRNA viruses L-A (including its killer toxin-encoding satellite, M) and L-BC, the 20S and 23S ssRNA replicons, and the putative prions, [URE3] and [PSI]. review the genetic and biochemical evidence indicating that [URE3] and [PSI] are prion forms of Ure2p and Sup35p, respectively. Each has an N-terminal domain involved in propagation or generation of the prion state and a C-terminal domain responsible for the protein's normal function, nitrogen regulation, or translation termination, respectively. The L-A dsRNA virus expression, replication, and RNA packaging are reviewed. L-A uses a–1 ribosomal frameshift to produce a Gag-Pol fusion protein. The host , and proteins block translation of nonpoly(A) mRNAs (such as viral mRNA). Mutants deficient in 60S ribosomal subunits replicate L-A poorly, but not if cells are also . Interaction of 60S subunits with the 3′ polyA is suggested. is a 5′ → 3′ exoribonuclease that degrades uncapped mRNAs. The viral Gag protein decapitates cellular mRNAs apparently to decoy this enzyme from working on viral mRNA.


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  • Article Type: Review Article
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