▪ Abstract 

The diffusion-multiple approach—the creation of composition gradients and intermetallic phases by long-term annealing of junctions of three or more phases/alloys—enables the generation of a large number of phases and compositions for efficient mapping of phase diagrams, phase properties, and kinetics. With an efficiency much higher than that of a conventional approach, many critical materials data, which otherwise would be too time-consuming and expensive to acquire, can be obtained and employed to accelerate alloy design. The critical data for structural materials design include phase diagrams, diffusion coefficients, precipitation kinetics, solution-strengthening effects, and precipitation-strengthening effects. All these data can be obtained from diffusion multiples. The combination of the diffusion-multiple approach with the CALPHAD approach can impact computational design of structural materials. The diffusion-multiple approach can also be applied to combinatorial screening of functional materials having unique physical, chemical, or other properties when micro-scale measurement techniques are available for these properties. Examples are shown to illustrate the progress made to date on applying the diffusion-multiple approach to accelerated design/discovery of materials.


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  • Article Type: Review Article
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