A simple method for calculating the electronic energy of extended solids is discussed in this review. This method is based on the Hückel or tight-binding theory in which an explicit pairwise repulsion is added to the generally attractive forces of the partially filled valence electron bands. An expansion based on the power moments of the electronic density of states is discussed, and the structural energy difference theorem is reviewed. The repulsive energy is found to vary linearly with the second power moment of the electronic density of states. These results are then used to show why there is such a diversity of structure in the solid state. The elemental structures of the main group are rationalized by the above methods. It is the third and fourth power moments (which correspond in part to triangles and squares of bonded atoms) that account for much of the elemental structures of the main group elements of the periodic table. This serves as an introduction to further rationalizations of transition for noble metal alloy, binary and ternary telluride and selenide, and other intermetallic structures.Thus a cohesive picture of both covalent and metallic bonding is presented in this review, illustrating the importance of atomic orbitals and their overlap integrals.


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  • Article Type: Review Article
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