The title, “Look to the past, Look to the present, and Look to the future,” the motto of City College of New York, expresses how my family life and education led me to an academic career in physical chemistry and ultimately to a study of proteins. The economic depression of the 1930s left a lasting impression on my outlook and career aspirations. With fortunate experiences at several stages in my life, I was able to participate in the great adventure of the last half of the twentieth century: the revolution in biology that advanced the field of protein chemistry to so great an extent. The future is bright and limitless, with greater understanding of biology yet to come.


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