1932

Abstract

Long-lasting emission from femtosecond excitation of nitrogen-based flows shows promise as a useful mechanism for a molecular tagging velocimetry instrument. The technique, known as femtosecond laser electronic excitation tagging (FLEET), was invented at Princeton a decade ago and has quickly been adopted and used in a variety of high-speed ground test flow facilities. The short temporal scales offered by femtosecond amplifiers permit nonresonant multiphoton excitation, dissociation, and weak ionization of a gaseous medium near the beam's focus without the generation of a laser spark observed with nanosecond systems. Gated, intensified imaging of the resulting emission enables the tracking of tagged molecules, thereby measuring one to three components of velocity. Effects of local heating and acoustic disturbances can be mitigated with the selection of a shorter-wavelength excitation source. This review surveys the development of FLEET over the decade since its inception, as it has been implemented in several test facilities to make accurate, precise, and seedless velocimetry measurements for studying complex high-speed flows.

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2022-01-05
2024-06-20
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