The sensory perception of texture is an important contributor of our general appreciation of foods. Food texture is mainly described in terms of mouthfeel and afterfeel attributes. The role of oral processing in the perception of texture and the role of microstructure therein have been reviewed regularly over recent years (Chen & Engelen 2012, Foegeding et al. 2011, Stieger & van de Velde 2013) and are not, therefore, addressed in this review. The scope of this review relates to the molecules that underlay the texture of foods. Protein, carbohydrate, and fat are the major structuring components in foods. In this review we focus on the physical interactions between proteins and polysaccharides that form the basis for the microstructure and texture of these foods. In general, food products are classified in four categories by their sensory and rheological properties: liquids, semisolids, soft solids, and hard solids (van Vliet et al. 2009). These four categories provide a useful classification framework, although they are not precisely defined by specific rheological properties. The current review focuses on semisolid and soft-solid foods.


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