The potential of single-enzyme studies to unravel the complex energy landscape of these polymeric catalysts is the next critical step in enzymology. From its inception in Rotman's emulsion experiments in the 1960s, the field of single-molecule enzymology has now advanced into the time-resolved age. Technological advances have enabled individual enzymatic turnover reactions to be observed with a millisecond time resolution. A number of initial studies have revealed the underlying static and dynamic disorder in the catalytic rates originating from conformational fluctuations. Although these experiments are still in their infancy, they may be able to relate the topography of the energy landscape to the biological function and regulation of enzymes. This review summarizes some of the experimental techniques and data-analysis methods that have been used to study individual enzyme molecules in search of a deeper understanding of their kinetics.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error