The λ integrase, or tyrosine-based family of site-specific recombinases, plays an important role in a variety of biological processes by inserting, excising, and inverting DNA segments. Flp, encoded by the yeast 2-μm plasmid, is the best-characterized eukaryotic member of this family and is responsible for maintaining the copy number of this plasmid. Over the past several years, structural and biochemical studies have shed light on the details of a common catalytic scheme utilized by these enzymes with interesting variations under different biological contexts. The emergence of new Flp structures and solution data provides insights not only into its unique mechanism of active site assembly and activity regulation but also into the specific contributions of certain protein residues to catalysis.


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  • Article Type: Review Article
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