▪ Abstract 

The development of single-molecule detection and manipulation has allowed us to monitor the behavior of individual biological molecules and molecular complexes in real time. This approach significantly expands our capability to characterize complex dynamics of biological processes, allowing transient intermediate states and parallel kinetic pathways to be directly observed. Exploring this capability to elucidate complex dynamics, recent single-molecule experiments on RNA folding and catalysis have improved our understanding of the folding energy landscape of RNA and allowed us to better dissect complex RNA catalytic reactions, including translation by the ribosome.


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  • Article Type: Review Article
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