1932

Abstract

Recent advances—both experimental and theoretical—provide a tentative image of the structures in Ca channels that make them exceptionally selective. The image is very different from K channels, which obtain high selectivity with a rigid pore that tightly fits K+ ions and is lined by carbonyl oxygens of the polypeptide backbone. Ca channels rely on four glutamate residues (the EEEE locus), whose carboxyl side chains likely reach into the pore lumen to interact with passing Ca2+ ions. The structure is thought to be flexible, tightly binding a single Ca2+ ion in order to block Na+ flux but rearranging to interact with multiple Ca2+ ions to allow Ca2+ flux. The four glutamates are not equivalent, a fact that seems important for Ca2+ permeation. This review describes the experimental evidence that leads to these conclusions and the attempts by theorists to explain the combination of high selectivity and high flux that characterizes Ca channels.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.physiol.65.092101.142345
2003-03-01
2024-04-23
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.physiol.65.092101.142345
Loading
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.physiol.65.092101.142345
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error