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Abstract

Abstract 

Over the past several decades, breeding cool-season turfgrasses for improved disease resistance has been the focus of many turfgrass breeding programs. This review article discusses the dramatic improvements made in breeding Kentucky bluegrass () for resistance to leaf spot (caused by ), stem rust (caused by ), and stripe smut (caused by ); perennial ryegrass () for resistance to gray leaf spot (caused by ), stem rust and crown rust (caused by ); tall fescue () for resistance to brown patch () and stem rust; creeping bentgrass () for resistance to dollar spot (caused by ); and fine fescues ( spp.) for improved disease resistance. Historically, the dramatic improvements in disease resistance of the cool-season grasses have been attributed to traditional/conventional breeding techniques; however, it is likely that functional genomics and molecular techniques will play a more significant role in the development of cultivated turfgrasses as the specific genes and mechanisms for disease resistance are identified in the future.

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/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.phyto.44.070505.143338
2006-09-08
2024-06-20
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  • Article Type: Review Article
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