White light endoscopic imaging allows for the examination of internal human organs and is essential in the detection and treatment of early-stage cancers. To facilitate diagnosis of precancerous changes and early-stage cancers, label-free optical technologies that provide enhanced malignancy-specific contrast and depth information have been extensively researched. The rapid development of technology in the past two decades has enabled integration of these optical technologies into clinical endoscopy. In recent years, the significant advantages of using these adjunct optical devices have been shown, suggesting readiness for clinical translation. In this review, we provide an overview of the working principles and miniaturization considerations and summarize the clinical and preclinical demonstrations of several such techniques for early-stage cancer detection. We also offer an outlook for the integration of multiple technologies and the use of computer-aided diagnosis in clinical endoscopy.

Expected final online publication date for the , Volume 17 is May 2024. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/page/journal/pubdates for revised estimates.


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  • Article Type: Review Article
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