Longevity of cattle is correlated to reproductive success. Many studies in different species report the influence of maternal nutrition on progeny performance, health, and reproduction. Maternal nutrient status can cause epigenetic alterations to the genome of the developing fetus, which potentially can impact future generations. This review discusses fetal programming mechanisms as well as maternal nutrition’s impact on placental development and progeny heifer performance and reproduction owing to nutrient restriction, age, or production status. Furthermore, we discuss how early neonatal nutrient intake and type can influence future productivity in the beef and dairy cow. Understanding how these factors influence progeny performance will enable cattlemen to produce replacement females better adapted to their environment through maternal nutrient regulation by stimulating fetal programming.


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  • Article Type: Review Article
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