We review the fossil and genetic evidence that relate to evolution in the genus . We focus on the origin of and on the evidence for taxonomic diversity at the beginning of the evolutionary history of and in the last 200,000 years. We set out the arguments for recognizing a second early taxon, , and the arguments for and against including and within We end by reviewing recent genomic evolution within . The challenge of the upcoming decades is to meld innovations in molecular genetic methods and technology with evidence from the fossil record to generate hypotheses about the developmental bases of the phenotypic and behavioral developments we see within the genus .


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error