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Abstract

Plants show a wide range of variation in mating system, ploidy level, and demographic history, allowing for unique opportunities to investigate the evolutionary and genetic factors affecting genome-wide patterns of positive and negative selection. In this review, we highlight recent progress in our understanding of the extent and nature of selection on plant genomes. We discuss differences in selection as they relate to variation in demography, recombination, mating system, and ploidy. We focus on the population genetic consequences of these factors and argue that, although variation in the magnitude of purifying selection is well documented, quantifying rates of positive selection and disentangling the relative importance of recombination, demography, and ploidy are ongoing challenges. Large-scale comparative studies that examine the relative and joint importance of these processes, combined with explicit models of population history and selection, are key and feasible goals for future work.

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/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-ecolsys-110512-135851
2013-11-23
2024-06-17
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  • Article Type: Review Article
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