1932

Abstract

Over the last 15 years, there has been growing fascination among scholars in studying “dark behaviors” and “dark traits,” especially as they are expressed in organizational contexts. One taxonomy of dark traits that has garnered special interest is the dark triad (DT), which is comprised of three toxic and malevolent traits: psychopathy, narcissism, and Machiavellianism. This chapter offers a review of DT research, with a particular focus on research relevant to the organizational sciences. We begin with a definition of personality in general and the traits of the DT in particular, including a discussion of the clinical and subclinical variants of these traits. We then review literature linking the DT traits to an array of organizational outcomes, discuss how the DT traits may be assessed, and conclude with recommendations for future work.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-orgpsych-032117-104451
2018-01-21
2024-06-17
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/orgpsych/5/1/annurev-orgpsych-032117-104451.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-orgpsych-032117-104451&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

Literature Cited

  1. Ackerman RA, Witt EA, Donnellan MB, Trzesniewski KH, Robins RW, Kashy DA. 2011. What does the Narcissistic Personality Inventory really measure. ? Assessment 18:167–87 [Google Scholar]
  2. Ames DR, Rose P, Anderson CP. 2006. The NPI-16 as a short measure of narcissism. J. Res. Personal. 40:440–50 [Google Scholar]
  3. Ashton MC, Lee K, Perugini M, Szarota P, De Vries RE. et al. 2004. A six-factor structure of personality-descriptive adjectives: solutions from psycholexical studies in seven languages. J. Personal. Soc. Psychol. 86:356–66 [Google Scholar]
  4. Babiak P, Hare RD. 2006. Snakes in Suits: When Psychopaths Go to Work New York: Regan Books [Google Scholar]
  5. Barsky A. 2011. Investigating the effects of moral disengagement and participation on unethical work behavior. J. Bus. Ethics 104:159–75 [Google Scholar]
  6. Baysinger M, Scherer KT, LeBreton JM. 2014. Exploring the disruptive effects of psychopathy and aggression on group processes and group performance. J. Appl. Psychol. 99:48–65 [Google Scholar]
  7. Becker JAH, O'Hair HD. 2007. Machiavellians' motives in organizational citizenship behavior. J. Appl. Commun. Res. 35:3246–67 [Google Scholar]
  8. Belschak FD, Den Hartog DN, Kalshoven K. 2015. Leading Machiavellians. J. Manag. 41:71934–56 [Google Scholar]
  9. Blickle G, Schütte N. 2017. Trait psychopathy, task performance, and counterproductive work behavior directed toward the organization. Personal. Individ. Differ. 109:225–31 [Google Scholar]
  10. Boddy C, Granter E, McCann L, Boyle M, Miles D. et al. 2015. Extreme managers, extreme workplaces: capitalism, organizations and corporate psychopaths. Organization 22:4530–51 [Google Scholar]
  11. Boddy CR, Ladyshewsky RK, Galvin P. 2010. The influence of corporate psychopaths on corporate social responsibility and organizational commitment to employees. J. Bus. Ethics 97:11–19 [Google Scholar]
  12. Boldero JM, Bell RC, Davies RC. 2015. The structure of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory with binary and rating scale items. J. Personal. Assess. 97:626–37 [Google Scholar]
  13. Bruk-Lee V, Khoury HA, Nixon AE, Goh A, Spector PE. 2009. Replicating and extending past personality/job satisfaction meta-analyses. Hum. Perform. 22:2156–89 [Google Scholar]
  14. Brunell AB, Gentry WA, Campbell WK, Hoffman BJ, Kuhnert KW, DeMarree KG. 2008. Leader emergence: the case of the narcissistic leader. Personal. Soc. Psychol. Bull. 34:121663–76 [Google Scholar]
  15. Castille CM, Kuyumcu D, Bennett RJ. 2017. Prevailing to the peers' detriment: organizational constraints motivate Machiavellians to undermine their peers. Personal. Individ. Differ. 104:29–36 [Google Scholar]
  16. Christie R, Geis FL. 1970. Studies in Machiavellianism New York: Academic [Google Scholar]
  17. Cleckley H. 1976. The Mask of Sanity St. Louis, MO: Mosby, 5th ed.. [Google Scholar]
  18. Cohen A. 2016. Are they among us? A conceptual framework of the relationship between the dark triad personality and counterproductive work behaviors (CWBs). Hum. Resour. Manag. Rev. 26:169–85 [Google Scholar]
  19. Cooke DJ, Michie C. 2001. Refining the construct of psychopathy: towards a hierarchical model. Psychol. Assess. 13:171–88 [Google Scholar]
  20. Dahling JJ, Whitaker BG, Levy PE. 2009. The development and validation of a new Machiavellianism scale. J. Manag. 35:219–57 [Google Scholar]
  21. Dahmen-Wassenberg P, Kämmerle M, Unterrainer H-F, Fink A. 2016. The relation between different facets of creativity and the dark side of personality. Creativity Res. J. 28:160–66 [Google Scholar]
  22. Dalal RS, Meyer RD, Bradshaw RP, Green JP, Kelly ED, Zhu M. 2015. Personality strength and situational influences on behavior: a conceptual review and research agenda. J. Manag. 41:1261–87 [Google Scholar]
  23. De Hoogh AHB, Den Hartog DN, Nevicka B. 2015. Gender differences in the perceived effectiveness of narcissistic leaders. Appl. Psychol. 64:3473–98 [Google Scholar]
  24. Egan V, Hughes N, Palmer EJ. 2015. Moral disengagement, the dark triad, and unethical consumer attitudes. Pers. Indiv. Diff. 76:123–28 [Google Scholar]
  25. Emmons RA. 1987. Narcissism: theory and measurement. J. Personal. Soc. Psychol. 52:11–17 [Google Scholar]
  26. Fischbacher-Smith D. 2015. The enemy has passed through the gate: insider threats, the dark triad, and the challenges around security. J. Organ. Eff. People Perform. 2:2134–56 [Google Scholar]
  27. Fletcher C. 1990. The relationships between candidate personality, self-presentation strategies, and interviewer assessments in selection interviews: an empirical study. Hum. Relat. 43:8739–49 [Google Scholar]
  28. Foster JD, Campbell WK, Twenge JM. 2003. Individual differences in narcissism: inflated self-views across the lifespan and around the world. J. Res. Personal. 37:6469–86 [Google Scholar]
  29. Foster JD, McCain JL, Hibberts MF, Brunell AB, Johnson RB. 2015. The grandiose narcissism scale: a global and facet-level measure of grandiose narcissism. Person. Ind. Diff. 73:12–16 [Google Scholar]
  30. Glover N, Miller JD, Lynam DR, Crego C, Widiger TA. 2012. The five-factor narcissism inventory: a five-factor measure of narcissistic personality traits. J. Personal. Assess. 94:500–12 [Google Scholar]
  31. Goncalo JA, Flynn FJ, Kim SH. 2010. Are two narcissists better than one? The link between narcissism, perceived creativity, and creative performance. Personal. Soc. Psychol. Bull. 36:111484–95 [Google Scholar]
  32. Gordts S, Uzieblo K, Neumann C, Van den Bussche E, Rossi G. 2017. Validity of the Self-Report Psychopathy scales (SRP-III full and short versions) in a community sample. Assessment 24:308–25 [Google Scholar]
  33. Greenwald AG, McGhee DE, Schwartz JL. 1998. Measuring individual differences in implicit cognition: the implicit association test. J. Personal. Soc. Psychol. 74:61464–80 [Google Scholar]
  34. Grijalva E, Harms PD. 2013. Narcissism: an integrative synthesis and dominance complementarity model. Acad. Manag. Perspect. 28:2108–27 [Google Scholar]
  35. Grijalva E, Harms PD, Newman DA, Gaddis BH, Fraley RC. 2015. Narcissism and leadership: a meta-analytic review of linear and nonlinear relationships. Pers. Psychol. 68:11–47 [Google Scholar]
  36. Grijalva E, Newman DA. 2015. Narcissism and Counterproductive Work Behavior (CWB): meta-analysis and consideration of collectivist culture, Big Five personality, and narcissism's facet structure. Appl. Psychol. 64:193–126 [Google Scholar]
  37. Guedes MJC. 2017. Mirror, mirror on the wall, am I the greatest performer of all? Narcissism and self-reported and objective performance. Personal. Individ. Differ. 108:182–85 [Google Scholar]
  38. Gustafson SB, Ritzer DR. 1995. The dark side of normal: a psychopathy-linked pattern called aberrant self-promotion. Eur. J. Personal. 9:147–83 [Google Scholar]
  39. Hare RD. 1993. Without Conscience: The Disturbing World of the Psychopaths Among Us New York: Guilford Press [Google Scholar]
  40. Hare RD, Harpur TJ, Hemphill JD. 1989. Scoring pamphlet for the Self-Report Psychopathy Scale: SRP-II Univ. British Columbia Vancouver, Canada: [Google Scholar]
  41. Hare RD. 1999. Without Conscience: The Disturbing World of the Psychopaths Among Us New York: Guilford Press [Google Scholar]
  42. Hirschi A, Jaensch VK. 2015. Narcissism and career success: occupational self-efficacy and career engagement as mediators. Personal. Individ. Differ. 77:205–8 [Google Scholar]
  43. Hogan R, Hogan J. 1997. Hogan Development Survey Manual Tulsa, OK: Hogan Assess. Syst. [Google Scholar]
  44. Hogan R. 2014. Hogan Development Survey: Technical Supplement Tulsa, OK: Hogan Press [Google Scholar]
  45. Holtzman NS, Strube MJ. 2011. The intertwined evolution of narcissism and short-term mating. The Handbook of Narcissism and Narcissistic Personality Disorder: Theoretical Approaches, Empirical Findings, and Treatments WK Campbell, JD Miller 210–20 Hoboken, NJ: Wiley [Google Scholar]
  46. House RJ, Hanges PJ, Ruiz-Quintanilla SA, Dorfman PW, Falkus SA, Ashkanasy NM. 1999. Cultural influences on leadership and organizations: Project Globe. In Advances in Global Leadership, ed. WH Mobley, MJ Gessner, V Arnold. 171–233 Bingley, UK: Emerald Gr, 2nd ed..
  47. Hunter JE, Gerbing DW, Boster FJ. 1982. Machiavellian beliefs and personality: construct invalidity of the Machiavellian dimension. J. Personal. Soc. Psychol. 43:1293–305 [Google Scholar]
  48. James LR. 1998. Measurement of personality via conditional reasoning. Organ. Res. Methods 1:2131–63 [Google Scholar]
  49. James LR, LeBreton JM. 2010. Assessing aggression using conditional reasoning. Curr. Dir. Psychol. Sci. 19:130–35 [Google Scholar]
  50. James LR, LeBreton JM. 2012. Assessing the Implicit Personality Through Conditional Reasoning Washington, DC: Am. Psychol. Assoc. [Google Scholar]
  51. James LR, Mulaik SA, Brett JM. 1982. Causal Analysis: Assumptions, Models, and Data Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. [Google Scholar]
  52. James S, Kavanagh PS, Jonason PK, Chonody JM, Scrutton HE. 2014. The Dark Triad, schadenfreude, and sensational interests: dark personalities, dark emotions, and dark behaviors. Personal. Individ. Differ. 68:211–16 [Google Scholar]
  53. Jonason PK, Kavanaugh PS, Webster GD, Fitzgerald D. 2011. Comparing the measured and latent dark triad: Are three measures better than one. ? J. Methods Meas. Soc. Sci. 2:28–44 [Google Scholar]
  54. Jonason PK, O'Connor PJ. 2017. Cutting corners at work: an individual differences perspective. Personal. Individ. Differ. 107:146–53 [Google Scholar]
  55. Jonason PK, Richardson EN, Potter L. 2015a. Self-reported creative ability and the Dark Triad traits: an exploratory study. Psychol. Aesthet. Creativity Arts 9:4488–94 [Google Scholar]
  56. Jonason PK, Webster GD. 2010. The Dirty Dozen: a concise measure of the Dark Triad. Psychol. Assess. 22:2420–32 [Google Scholar]
  57. Jonason PK, Wee S, Li NP. 2014. Thinking bigger and better about “bad apples”: evolutionary industrial-organizational psychology and the Dark Triad. Ind. Organ. Psychol. 7:1117–21 [Google Scholar]
  58. Jonason PK, Wee S, Li NP. 2015b. Competition, autonomy, and prestige: mechanisms through which the Dark Triad predict job satisfaction. Personal. Individ. Differ. 72:112–16 [Google Scholar]
  59. Jones DN, Paulhus DL. 2009. Machiavellianism. Handbook of Individual Differences in Social Behavior MR Leary, RH Hoyle 93–108 New York: Guilford [Google Scholar]
  60. Jones DN, Paulhus DL. 2014. Introducing the Short Dark Triad (SD3): a brief measure of dark personality traits. Assessment 21:28–41 [Google Scholar]
  61. Kaiser RB, LeBreton JM, Hogan J. 2015. The dark side of personality and extreme leader behavior. Appl. Psychol.: Int. Rev. 64:55–92 [Google Scholar]
  62. Kessler SR, Bandelli AC, Spector PE, Borman WC, Nelson CE, Penney LM. 2010. Re-examining Machiavelli: a three-dimensional model of Machiavellianism in the workplace. J. Appl. Soc. Psychol. 40:1868–96 [Google Scholar]
  63. Krasikova D, Green S, LeBreton JM. 2013. Destructive leadership: a theoretical review, integration, and future research agenda. J. Manag. 39:1308–38 [Google Scholar]
  64. Küfner AC, Nestler S, Back MD. 2013. The two pathways to being an (un‐)popular narcissist. J. Personal. 81:2184–95 [Google Scholar]
  65. Kwan VS, Kuang LL, Hui NH. 2009. Identifying the sources of self-esteem: the mixed medley of benevolence, merit, and bias. Self Identity 8:2–3176–95 [Google Scholar]
  66. LeBreton JM, Barksdale CD, Robin J, James LR. 2007. Measurement issues associated with conditional reasoning tests: indirect measurement and test faking. J. Appl. Psychol. 92:11–16 [Google Scholar]
  67. LeBreton JM, Binning JF, Adorno AJ. 2006. Subclinical psychopaths. Comprehensive Handbook of Personality and Psychopathology I Personality and Everyday Functioning JC Thomas, D Segal 388–411 New York: John Wiley & Sons [Google Scholar]
  68. Leckelt M, Küfner AC, Nestler S, Back MD. 2015. Behavioral processes underlying the decline of narcissists' popularity over time. J. Personal. Soc. Psychol. 109:5856–71 [Google Scholar]
  69. Lee K, Ashton MC. 2005. Psychopathy, Machiavellianism, and narcissism in the Five-Factor Model and the HEXACO model of personality structure. Personal. Individ. Differ. 38:1571–82 [Google Scholar]
  70. Levenson MR, Kiehl KA, Fitzpatrick CM. 1995. Assessing psychopathic attributions in a noninstitutional population. J. Personal. Soc. Psychol. 68:151–58 [Google Scholar]
  71. Lilienfeld SO, Andrews BP. 1996. Development and preliminary validation of a self-report measure of psychopathic personality traits in noncriminal populations. J. Personal. Assess. 66:488–524 [Google Scholar]
  72. Lilienfeld SO, Hess TH. 2001. Psychopathic personality traits and somatization: sex differences and the mediating role of negative emotionality. J. Psychopathol. Behav. Assess. 23:11–24 [Google Scholar]
  73. Lilienfeld SO, Smith SF, Sauvigné KC, Patrick CJ, Drislane LE. et al. 2016. Is boldness relevant to psychopathic personality? Meta-analytic relations with non-Psychopathy Checklist-based measures of psychopathy. Psychol. Assess. 28:101172–85 [Google Scholar]
  74. Lilienfeld SO, Watts AL, Smith SF, Berg JM, Latzman RD. 2015. Psychopathy deconstructed and reconstructed: assembling the personality building blocks of Cleckley's chimera. J. Personal. 83:593–610 [Google Scholar]
  75. Liu CC. 2008. The relationship between Machiavellianism and knowledge sharing willingness. J. Bus. Psychol. 22:3233–40 [Google Scholar]
  76. Lykken DT. 1995. The Antisocial Personalities Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum [Google Scholar]
  77. Lynam DR, Gaughan ET, Miller JD, Miller DJ, Mullins-Sweatt S, Widiger TA. 2011. Assessing the basic traits associated with psychopathy: development and validation of the elemental psychopathy assessment. Psychol. Assess. 23:108–24 [Google Scholar]
  78. Lynam DR, Whiteside S, Jones S. 1999. Self-reported psychopathy: a validation study. J. Personal. Assess. 73:110–32 [Google Scholar]
  79. Mathieu C, Babiak P. 2015. Tell me who you are, I'll tell you how you lead: beyond the Full-Range Leadership Model, the role of corporate psychopathy on employee attitudes. Personal. Individ. Differ. 87:8–12 [Google Scholar]
  80. Mathieu C, Babiak P. 2016. Corporate psychopathy and abusive supervision: their influence on employees' job satisfaction and turnover intentions. Personal. Individ. Differ. 91:102–6 [Google Scholar]
  81. Mathieu C, Hare RD, Jones DN, Babiak P, Neumann CS. 2013. Factor structure of the B-Scan 360: a measure of corporate psychopathy. Psychol. Assess. 25:288–93 [Google Scholar]
  82. Mathieu C, Neumann CS, Hare RD, Babiak P. 2014. A dark side of leadership: corporate psychopathy and its influence on employee well-being and job satisfaction. Personal. Individ. Differ. 59:83–88 [Google Scholar]
  83. Mathieu C, Neumann C, Babiak P, Hare RD. 2015. Corporate psychopathy and the full-range leadership model. Assessment 223267–78 [Google Scholar]
  84. McClelland DC, Koestner R, Weinberger J. 1989. How do self-attributed and implicit motives differ?. Psychol. Rev. 96:690–702 [Google Scholar]
  85. Meyer RD, Dalal RS, Hermida R. 2010. A review and synthesis of situational strength in the organizational sciences. J. Manag. 36:1121–40 [Google Scholar]
  86. Miller JD, Hyatt CS, Rausher S, Maples JL, Zeichner A. 2014. A test of the construct validity of the elemental psychopathy assessment scores in a community sample of adults. Psychol. Assess. 26:555–62 [Google Scholar]
  87. Millon T, Simonsen E, Birket-Smith M. 1998. Historical conceptions of psychopathy in the United States and Europe. In Psychopathy: Antisocial, Criminal, and Violent Behavior. T Millon, E Simonsen, M Birket-Smith, R Davis 3–31 New York: Guilford Press
  88. Mischel W. 1968. Personality and Assessment New York: Wiley [Google Scholar]
  89. Moore C, Detert JR, Klebe Treviño L, Baker VL, Mayer DM. 2012. Why employees do bad things: moral disengagement and unethical organizational behavior. Pers. Psychol. 65:11–48 [Google Scholar]
  90. Morf CC, Rhodewalt F. 2001. Unraveling the paradoxes of narcissism: a dynamic self-regulatory processing model. Psychol. Inq. 12:177–96 [Google Scholar]
  91. Murphy JM. 1976. Psychiatric labeling in cross-cultural perspective. Science 141:1019–28 [Google Scholar]
  92. Neumann CS, Hare RD, Newman JP. 2007. The superordinate nature of the psychopathy checklist-revised. J. Personal. Disord. 21:102–17 [Google Scholar]
  93. Neumann CS, Hare RD, Pardini DA. 2015. Antisociality and the construct of psychopathy: Data from across the globe. J. Pers. 83:6678–92 [Google Scholar]
  94. Neumann CS, Vitacco MJ, Hare RD, Wupperman P. 2005. Reconstructing the “reconstruction” of psychopathy: a comment on Cooke, Michie, Hart, & Clark. J. Personal. Disord. 19:624–40 [Google Scholar]
  95. O'Boyle EH, Forsyth DR, Banks GC, McDaniel MA. 2012. A meta-analysis of the Dark Triad and work behavior: a social exchange perspective. J. Appl. Psychol. 97:557–79 [Google Scholar]
  96. O'Boyle EH, Forsyth DR, Banks GC, Paul S, White CD. 2015. A meta-analytic test of redundancy and relative importance of the Dark Triad and Five-Factor Model of personality. J. Personal. 83:644–64 [Google Scholar]
  97. Ong CW, Roberts R, Arthur CA, Woodman T, Akehurst S. 2016. The leader ship is sinking: a temporal investigation of narcissistic leadership. J. Pers. 84:2237–47 [Google Scholar]
  98. Panitz E. 1989. Psychometric investigation of the Mach-IV scale measuring Machiavellianism. Psychol. Rep. 64:963–68 [Google Scholar]
  99. Patrick CJ, Drislane LE. 2015. Triarchic model of psychopathy: origins, operationalizations, and observed linkages with personality and general psychopathology. J. Personal. 83:627–43 [Google Scholar]
  100. Paulhus DL. 2014. Toward a taxonomy of dark personalities. Curr. Dir. Psychol. Sci. 23:421–26 [Google Scholar]
  101. Paulhus DL, Jones DN. 2015. Measures of dark personalities. In Measures of Personality and Social Psychological Constructs GJ Boyle, D Saklofske, G Matthews 562–94 San Diego: Academic [Google Scholar]
  102. Paulhus DL, Westlake BG, Calvez SS, Harms PD. 2013. Self-presentation style in job interviews: the role of personality and culture. J. Appl. Soc. Psychol. 43:102042–59 [Google Scholar]
  103. Paulhus DL, Williams KM. 2002. The Dark Triad of personality: narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy. J. Res. Personal. 36:556–63 [Google Scholar]
  104. Paulhus DL, Neumann CS, Hare RD. 2014. Manual for the Hare Self-Report Psychopathy (SRP) Scale Toronto: Multi-Health Systems [Google Scholar]
  105. Pethman TMI, Erlandsson SI. 2002. Aberrant self-promotion or subclinical psychopathy in a Swedish general population. Psychol. Rec. 52:33–50 [Google Scholar]
  106. Petrenko OV, Aime F, Ridge J, Hill A. 2016. Corporate social responsibility or CEO narcissism? CSR motivations and organizational performance. Strateg. Manag. J. 37:2262–79 [Google Scholar]
  107. Pierce CR, Aguinis H. 2013. The too-much-of-a-good-thing effect in management. J. Manag. 39:2313–38 [Google Scholar]
  108. Pincus AL, Ansell EB, Pimentel CA, Cain NM, Wright AG, Levy KN. 2009. Initial construction and validation of the pathological narcissism inventory. Psychol. Assess. 21:365–79 [Google Scholar]
  109. Raskin RN, Hall CS. 1979. A narcissistic personality inventory. Psychol. Rep. 45:590 [Google Scholar]
  110. Raskin RN, Terry H. 1988. A principal-components analysis of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory and further evidence of its construct validity. J. Personal. Soc. Psychol. 54:890–902 [Google Scholar]
  111. Rauthmann JF, Will T. 2011. Proposing a multidimensional Machiavellianism conceptualization. Soc. Behav. Personal. 39:391–404 [Google Scholar]
  112. Reina CS, Zhang Z, Peterson SJ. 2014. CEO grandiose narcissism and firm performance: the role of organizational identification. Leadersh. Q. 25:5958–71 [Google Scholar]
  113. Rhodewalt F, Morf CC. 1995. Self and interpersonal correlates of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory: a review and new findings. J. Res. Personal. 29:1–23 [Google Scholar]
  114. Roulin N, Bourdage JS. 2017. Once an impression manager, always an impression manager? Antecedents of honest and deceptive impression management use and variability across multiple job interviews. Front. Psychol. 8:29 [Google Scholar]
  115. Scherer KT, Baysinger MJ, Zolynsky D, LeBreton JM. 2013. Predicting counterproductive work behaviors with sub-clinical psychopathy: beyond the Five Factor Model of personality. Personal. Individ. Differ. 55:300–5 [Google Scholar]
  116. Skeem JL, Cooke DJ. 2010. Is criminal behavior a central component of psychopathy? Conceptual directions for resolving the debate. Psychol. Assess. 22:433–45 [Google Scholar]
  117. Spain S, Harms P, LeBreton JM. 2014. The dark side of personality at work. J. Organ. Behav. 35:S41–60 [Google Scholar]
  118. Spain SM, Harms P, Wood D. 2016. Stress, well-being, and the dark side of leadership: the role of leadership in occupational stress. The Role of Leadership in Occupational Stress (Research in Occupational Stress and Well-Being, Vol. 14) WA Gentry, C Clerkin, PL Perrewé, JRB Halbesleben, CC Rosen et al.33–59 Bingley, UK: Emerald Group Pub. Ltd. [Google Scholar]
  119. Spurk D, Keller AC, Hirschi A. 2016. Do bad guys get ahead or fall behind? Relationships of the Dark Triad of personality with objective and subjective career success. Soc. Psychol. Personal. Sci. 7:2113–21 [Google Scholar]
  120. Tett RP, Burnett DD. 2003. A personality trait-based interactionist model of job performance. J. Appl. Psychol. 88:500–17 [Google Scholar]
  121. Tett RP, Guterman HA. 2000. Situation trait relevance, trait expression, and cross-situational consistency: testing a principle of trait activation. J. Res. Person. 34:397–423 [Google Scholar]
  122. van der Linden S, Rosenthal SA. 2016. Measuring narcissism with a single question? A replication and extension of the Single-Item Narcissism Scale (SINS). Personal. Individ. Differ. 90:238–41 [Google Scholar]
  123. Volmer J, Koch IK, Göritz AS. 2016. The bright and dark sides of leaders' Dark Triad traits: effects on subordinates' career success and well-being. Personal. Individ. Differ. 101:413–18 [Google Scholar]
  124. Williams KM, Paulhus DL, Hare RD. 2007. Capturing the four-factor structure of psychopathy in college students via self-report. J. Person. Assess. 88:205–19 [Google Scholar]
  125. Wilson DS, Near D, Miller RR. 1996. Machiavellianism: a synthesis of the evolutionary and psychological literatures. Psychol. Bull. 119:2285–99 [Google Scholar]
  126. Winter DG, John OP, Stewart AJ, Klohnen EC, Duncan LE. 1998. Traits and motives: toward an integration of two traditions in personality research. Psychol. Rev. 105:2230–50 [Google Scholar]
  127. Wisse B, Barelds DPH, Rietzschel EF. 2015. How innovative is your employee? The role of employee and supervisor Dark Triad personality traits in supervisor perceptions of employee innovative behavior. Personal. Individ. Differ. 82:158–62 [Google Scholar]
  128. Wisse B, Sleebos E. 2016. When the dark ones gain power: Perceived position power strengthens the effect of supervisor Machiavellianism on abusive supervision in work teams. Personal. Individ. Differ. 99:122–26 [Google Scholar]
  129. Wright AGC, Pincus AL, Thomas KM, Hopwood CJ, Markon KE, Krueger RF. 2013. Conceptions of narcissism and the DSM-5 pathological personality traits. Assessment 20:339–52 [Google Scholar]
  130. Wu J, LeBreton JM. 2011. Reconsidering the dispositional basis of counterproductive work behavior: the role of aberrant personality traits. Pers. Psychol. 64:593–626 [Google Scholar]
  131. Zhang H, Ou AY, Tsui AS, Wang H. 2017. CEO humility, narcissism and firm innovation: a paradox perspective on CEO traits. Leadersh. Q. 28:585–604 [Google Scholar]
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-orgpsych-032117-104451
Loading
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-orgpsych-032117-104451
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error