1932

Abstract

The use of low-energy electron microscopy (LEEM) to study reversible surface phase transitions is reviewed. Representative experiments are described that highlight the key advantages of LEEM: the ability to image surfaces , at elevated temperature, with good spatial and temporal resolution. With these capabilities, the evolution of individual surface features—domains, facets, islands, steps, etc.—can be measured. Real-time and real-space imaging make LEEM a powerful tool for characterizing the thermodynamics and kinetics that govern surface phase transformations.

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/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.matsci.33.121901.111743
2003-08-01
2024-06-21
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  • Article Type: Review Article
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