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Abstract

Abstract

The global impact of antibiotic resistance is potentially devastating, threatening to set back progress against certain infectious diseases to the preantibiotic era. Although most antibiotic-resistant bacteria originally emerged in hospitals, drug-resistant strains are becoming more common in the community. Factors that facilitate the development of resistance within the community can be categorized as behavioral or environmental/policy. Behavioral factors include inappropriate use of antibiotics and ineffective infection control and hygiene practices. Environmental/policy factors include the continued use of antibiotics in agriculture and the lack of new drug development. A multifaceted approach that includes behavioral strategies in the community and the political will to make difficult regulatory decisions will help to minimize the problem of antimicrobial resistance globally.

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/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.publhealth.28.021406.144020
2007-04-21
2024-06-16
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  • Article Type: Review Article
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