1932

Abstract

Indoleamine-2,3 dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) contributes to tumor immunosuppression by enzymatically degrading tryptophan, which is required for T cell activity, and producing kynurenine. Small-molecule inhibitors, such as epacadostat, have been developed to block IDO1 activity. In preclinical models, they can restore antitumoral T cell immunity and synergize with immune checkpoint inhibitors or cancer vaccines. Based on encouraging clinical results in early phase trials, a randomized phase III study (ECHO-301/KN-252) was launched in metastatic melanoma to test the benefit of adding epacadostat to the reference pembrolizumab therapy. The result was negative. We briefly review the clinical trials that investigated epacadostat in cancer patients and discuss possible explanations for this negative result. We end by suggesting paths to resume clinical development of compounds targeting the IDO1 pathway, which in our view remains an attractive target for cancer immunotherapy.

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/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-cancerbio-030419-033635
2020-03-04
2024-04-22
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