Robotics is powered by software. Software tools control the rate of innovation in robotics research, drive the growth of the robotics industry, and power the education of future innovators and developers. Nearly 900,000 open-source repositories on GitHub are tagged with the keyword robotics—a potentially vast resource, but only a fraction of those are truly accessible in terms of quality, licensability, understandability, and total cost of ownership. The challenge is to match this resource to the needs of students, researchers, and companies to power cutting-edge research and real-world industrial solutions. This article reviews software tools for robotics, including both those created by the community at large and those created by the authors, as well as their impact on education, research, and industry.

Expected final online publication date for the , Volume 7 is May 2024. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/page/journal/pubdates for revised estimates.


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  • Article Type: Review Article
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