1932

Abstract

Employee health and wellness are important for employees, their families, and their organizations. We review the literature on both stress management interventions in organizations and workplace health promotion and wellness programs, from the lens of primary, secondary, and tertiary interventions as well as the framework provided by the job demands–resources model (Bakker & Demerouti 2007). Stress management interventions tend to be ameliorative, often focusing on restoring resources that have been depleted by the work environment, whereas workplace health promotion and wellness programs tend to be more preventive, enhancing job and personal resources for all employees. There appears to be a trend toward incorporating stress management as a component of workplace wellness programs, with these programs taking more of a primary or secondary intervention approach than a tertiary approach. In addition, although organization-level interventions are still relatively rare, there is growing evidence that organizational interventions, especially when combined with individual-level interventions, can be quite effective in promoting a positive, healthy work environment. We conclude the review by offering suggestions for future research and some considerations for the design and evaluation of future interventions.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-orgpsych-032414-111341
2015-04-10
2024-07-23
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/orgpsych/2/1/annurev-orgpsych-032414-111341.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-orgpsych-032414-111341&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

Literature Cited

  1. Aldana SG, Anderson DR, Adams TB, Whitmer RW, Merrill RM et al. 2012. A review of the knowledge base on healthy worksite culture. J. Occup. Environ. Med. 54:4414–19 doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e31824be25f [Google Scholar]
  2. APA (Am. Psychol. Assoc.) 2014. 2014 work and well-being survey. Rep., Am. Psychol. Assoc., Washington, DC. http://www.apaexcellence.org/assets/general/2014-work-and-wellbeing-survey-results.pdf
  3. Avey JB, Luthans F, Smith RM, Palmer NF. 2010. Impact of positive psychological capital on employee well-being over time. J. Occup. Health Psychol. 15:117–28 doi: 10.1037/a0016998 [Google Scholar]
  4. Bakker AB, Demerouti E. 2007. The job demands-resources model: state of the art. J. Manag. Psychol. 22:3309–28 doi: 10.1108/02683940710733115 [Google Scholar]
  5. Bakker AB, Demerouti E, Sanz-Vergel AI. 2014. Burnout and work engagement: The JD–R approach. Annu. Rev. Organ. Psychol. Organ. Behav. 1:389–411 doi: 10.1146/annurev-orgpsych-031413-091235 [Google Scholar]
  6. Bono JE, Glomb TM, Shen W, Kim E, Koch AJ. 2013. Building positive resources: effects of positive events and positive reflection on work-stress and health. Acad. Manag. J. 56:1601–27 doi: 10.5465/amj.2011.0272 [Google Scholar]
  7. Bourbonnais R, Brisson C, Vézina M. 2011. Long-term effects of an intervention on psychosocial work factors among healthcare professionals in hospital setting. Occup. Environ. Med. 68:479–86 doi: 10.1136/oem.2010.055202 [Google Scholar]
  8. Brown KW, Ryan RM. 2003. The benefits of being present: mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being. J. Personal. Soc. Psychol. 84:4822–48 doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.84.4.822 [Google Scholar]
  9. Byrne D, Goetzel R, McGown P, Holmes M, Beckowski MS et al. 2011. Seven-year trends in employee health habits from a comprehensive workplace health promotion program at Vanderbilt University. J. Occup. Environ. Med. 53:1372–81 doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e318237a19c [Google Scholar]
  10. Cifre E, Salanova M, Rodríguez-Sánchez AM. 2011. Dancing between theory and practice: enhancing work engagement through work stress intervention. Hum. Factors Ergon. Manuf. Serv. Ind. 21:3269–86 doi: 10.1002/hfm.20232 [Google Scholar]
  11. Demerouti E, Bakker AB, Tetrick L. 2014. Regulatory focus and the family-work interface: the role of regulatory fit between cohabiting partners. Eur. J. Work Organ. Psychol. 23:1118–30 doi: 10.1080/1359432X.2012.711905 [Google Scholar]
  12. Eisen KP, Allen GJ, Bollash M, Pescatello LS. 2008. Stress management in the workplace: a comparison of a computer-based and an in-person stress-management intervention. Comput. Human Behav. 24:2486–96 doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2007.02.003 [Google Scholar]
  13. Fredrickson BL, Cohn MA, Coffey KA, Pek J, Finkel SM. 2008. Open hearts build lives: Positive emotions, induced through loving-kindness meditation, build consequential personal resources. J. Personal. Soc. Psychol. 95:1045–62 doi: 10.1037/a0013262 [Google Scholar]
  14. Frone MR. 2013. Alcohol and Illicit Drug Use in the Workforce and Workplace Washington, DC: Am. Psychol. Assoc. [Google Scholar]
  15. Geurts SAE, Sonnentag S. 2006. Recovery as an explanatory mechanism in the relation between acute stress reactions and chronic health impairment. Scand. J. Work Environ. Health 32:482–92 doi: 10.5271/sjweh.1053 [Google Scholar]
  16. Hahn VC, Binnewies C, Sonnentag S, Mojza EJ. 2011. Learning how to recover from job stress: effects of a recovery training program on recovery, recovery-related self-efficacy, and well-being. J. Occup. Health Psychol. 16:202–16 doi: 10.1037/a0022169 [Google Scholar]
  17. Hartung D, Hahlweg K. 2011. Stress reduction at the work-family interface: positive parenting and self-efficacy as mechanisms of change in Workplace Triple P. Behav. Modif. 35:154–77 doi: 10.1177/0145445510390931 [Google Scholar]
  18. Hätinen M, Mäkikangas A, Kinnunen U, Pekkonen M. 2013. Recovery from burnout during a one-year rehabilitation intervention with six-month follow-up: associations with coping strategies. Int. J. Stress Manag. 20:4364–90 doi: 10.1037/a0034286 [Google Scholar]
  19. Hülsheger UR, Alberts HJEM, Feinholdt A, Lang JWB. 2013. Benefits of mindfulness at work: the role of mindfulness in emotion regulation, emotional exhaustion, and job satisfaction. J. Appl. Psychol. 98:310–25 doi: 10.1037/a0031313 [Google Scholar]
  20. Kabat-Zinn J. 1982. An outpatient program in behavioral medicine for chronic pain patients based on the practice of mindfulness meditation: theoretical considerations and preliminary results. Gen. Hosp. Psychiatry 4:33–47 doi: 10.1016/0163-8343(82)90026-3 [Google Scholar]
  21. Kaplan S, Bradley JC, Ahmad A, Anderson AJ, McCormick AK, Lindsey A. 2013. A test of two positive psychology interventions to increase employee well-being. J. Bus. Psychol. 29:3367–80 doi: 10.1007/s10869-013-9319-4 [Google Scholar]
  22. LaMontagne AD, Keegel T, Louie AM, Ostry A, Landsbergis PA. 2007. A systematic review of the job-stress intervention evaluation literature, 1990 – 2005. J. Int. Occup. Environ. Health 13:268–80 [Google Scholar]
  23. Liu C, Spector PE, Shi L. 2007. Cross-national job stress: a quantitative and qualitative study. J. Organ. Behav. 28:2209–39 doi: 10.1002/job.435 [Google Scholar]
  24. Luthans F, Avey JB, Avolio BJ, Peterson SJ. 2010. The development and resulting performance impact of positive psychological capital. Hum. Resour. Dev. Q. 21:141–67 doi: 10.1002/hrdq.20034 [Google Scholar]
  25. Luthans F, Avey JB, Patera JL. 2008. Experimental analysis of a web-based training intervention to develop positive psychological capital. Acad. Manag. Learn. Educ. 7:2209–21 doi: 10.5465/AMLE.2008.32712618 [Google Scholar]
  26. Luthans F, Youssef CM, Avolio BJ. 2006. Psychological Capital: Developing the Human Competitive Edge New York: Oxford Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  27. Madsen SR. 2003. Wellness in the workplace: preparing employees for change. Organ. Dev. J. 21:146–55 [Google Scholar]
  28. Makrides L, Smith S, Allt J, Farquharson J, Szpilfogel C et al. 2011. The Healthy LifeWorks Project: a pilot study of the economic analysis of a comprehensive workplace wellness program in a Canadian government department. J. Occup. Environ. Med. 53:799–805 doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e318222af67 [Google Scholar]
  29. Merrill RM, Aldana SG, Pope JE, Anderson DR, Coberley CR et al. 2011a. Evaluation of a best-practice worksite wellness program in a small-employer setting using selected well-being indices. J. Occup. Environ. Med. 53:448–54 doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e318243ed0 [Google Scholar]
  30. Merrill RM, Aldana SG, Vyhlidal TP, Howe G, Anderson DR, Whitmer RW. 2011b. The impact of worksite wellness in a small business setting. J. Occup. Environ. Med. 53:2127–31 doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e318209e18b [Google Scholar]
  31. Michel A, Bosch C, Rexroth M. 2014. Mindfulness as a cognitive-emotional segmentation strategy: an intervention promoting work-life balance. J. Occup. Organ. Psychol. 87:4733–54 doi: 10.1111/joop.12072 [Google Scholar]
  32. Nowak C, Heinrichs N. 2008. A comprehensive meta-analysis of the Triple P-Positive Parenting Program using hierachical linear modeling: effectiveness and moderating variables. Clin. Child Fam. Psychol. Rev. 11:114–44 doi: 10.1007/s10567-008-0033-0 [Google Scholar]
  33. Parks KM, Steelman LA. 2008. Organizational wellness programs: a meta-analysis. J. Occup. Health Psychol. 13:158–68 doi: 10.1037/1076-8998.13.1.58 [Google Scholar]
  34. Polly S. 2014. Workplace well-being is not an oxymoron. Positive Psychology News Daily, July 2. http://positivepsychologynews.com/news/shannon-polly/2014070229282
  35. Richardson KM, Rothstein HR. 2008. Effects of occupational stress management intervention programs: a meta-analysis. J. Occup. Health Psychol. 13:169–93 doi: 10.1037/1076-8998.13.1.69 [Google Scholar]
  36. Ritterband LM, Gonder-Frederick LA, Cox DJ, Clifton AD, West RW, Borowitz SM. 2003. Internet interventions: in review, in use, and into the future. Prof. Psychol. Res. Pract. 34:5527–34 doi: 10.1037/0735-7028.34.5.527 [Google Scholar]
  37. Rothstein MA. 1983. Occupational Safety and Health Law St. Paul, MN: West [Google Scholar]
  38. Sanders MR. 2008. Triple P-Positive Parenting Program as a public health approach to strengthening parenting. J. Fam. Psychol. 22:506–17 doi: 10.1037/0893-3200.22.3.506 [Google Scholar]
  39. Schneider SJ, Schwartz MD, Fast J. 1995. Computerized, telephone-based health promotion: II. Stress management program. Comput. Hum. Behav. 11:2205–14 doi: 10.1016/0747-5632(94)00031-C [Google Scholar]
  40. Schutte NS. 2014. The broaden and build process: positive affect, ratio of positive to negative affect and general self-efficacy. J. Posit. Psychol. 9:166–74 doi: 10.1080/17439760.2013.841280 [Google Scholar]
  41. Segal Z, Williams MR, Teasdale J. 2002. Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Depression: A New Approach to Preventing Relapse New York: Guilford [Google Scholar]
  42. Seligman MEP, Steen TA, Park N, Peterson C. 2005. Positive psychology progress: empirical validation of interventions. Am. Psychol. 60:5410–21 doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.60.5.410 [Google Scholar]
  43. Siegel RD. 2010. The Mindful Solution: Everyday Practices for Everyday Problems New York: Guilford [Google Scholar]
  44. Sin NL, Lyubomirsky S. 2009. Enhancing well-being and alleviating depressive symptoms with positive psychology interventions: a practice-friendly meta-analysis. J. Clin. Psychol. 65:467–87 doi: 10.1002/jclp.20593 [Google Scholar]
  45. Siu OL, Cooper CL, Phillips DR. 2014. Intervention studies on enhancing work well-being, reducing burnout, and improving recovery experiences among Hong Kong health care workers and teachers. Int. J. Stress Manag. 21:169–84 doi: 10.1037/a0033291 [Google Scholar]
  46. Sonnentag S, Fritz C. 2007. The recovery experience questionnaire: development and validation of a measure for assessing recuperation and unwinding from work. J. Occup. Health Psychol. 12:204–21 doi: 10.1037/1076-8998.12.3.204 [Google Scholar]
  47. Tetrick LE. 2008. Prevention: integrating health protection and health promotion perspectives. The Individual in the Changing Work Life Sverke M, Näswall K, Hellgren J. 403–18 New York: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  48. Tetrick LE, Quick JC. 2011. Overview of occupational health psychology: public health in occupational settings. Handbook of Occupational Health Psychology Quick JC, Tetrick LE. 3–20 Washington, DC: Am. Psychol. Assoc. [Google Scholar]
  49. Van der Klink JJL, Blonk RWB, Schene AH, Van Dijk FJH. 2001. The benefits of interventions for work-related stress. Am. J. Public Health 91:2270–76 doi: 10.2105/AJPH.91.2.270 [Google Scholar]
  50. Wayne JH, Grzywacz JG, Carlson DS, Kacmar MK. 2007. Work-family facilitation: a theoretical explanation and model of primary antecedents and consequences. Hum. Resour. Manage. Rev. 17:63–76 doi: 10.1016/j.hrmr.2007.01.002 [Google Scholar]
  51. Wolever RQ, Bibonet KJ, McCabe K, Mackenzie ER, Fekete E et al. 2012. Effective and viable mind-body stress reduction in the workplace: a randomized controlled trial. J. Occup. Health Psychol. 17:2246–58 doi: 10.1037/a0027278 [Google Scholar]
  52. Xanthopoulou D, Bakker AB, Demerouti E, Schaufeli WB. 2007. The role of personal resources in the job demands-resources model. Int. J. Stress Manag. 14:2121–41 doi: 10.1037/1072-5245.14.2.121 [Google Scholar]
  53. Xanthopoulou D, Bakker AB, Fischbach A. 2013. Work engagement among employees facing emotional demands: The role of personal resources. J. Pers. Psychol. 12:274–84 doi: 10.1027/1866-5888/a000085 [Google Scholar]
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-orgpsych-032414-111341
Loading
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-orgpsych-032414-111341
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error