1932

Abstract

Intraocular pressure (IOP) is the cardinal and only modifiable risk factor for glaucoma, the leading cause of irreparable blindness worldwide. Twin and family studies estimate the heritability of IOP to be 40–70%, and linkage studies for IOP have identified numerous loci. Mutations in can cause markedly elevated IOP and aggressive glaucoma often requiring surgical intervention. However, the majority of the genetic basis for raised IOP and glaucoma in populations is complex, and recent large genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified over 100 common variants that contribute to IOP variation. In combination, these loci are predictive for primary open-angle glaucoma in independent populations, achieving an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 76% for high-pressure primary open-angle glaucoma; this suggests the possibility of targeted screening in the future. Additionally, GWAS findings have identified important biological pathways underlying IOP regulation, including lymphangiogenesis and lipid metabolism, providing novel targets for new therapies.

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2021-09-15
2024-06-24
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/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-vision-031021-095225
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